Visual impairment in children and adolescents in Norway - Haugen OH, Bredrup C, Rødahl E.

BACKGROUND Due to failures in reporting and poor data security, the Norwegian Registry of Blindness was closed down in 1995. Since that time, no registration of visual impairment has taken place in Norway. All the other Nordic countries have registries for...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Masks, enforced social distance and other public health measures intended to slow the spread of the coronavirus pose unique challenges to the 37 million American adults with impaired hearing.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Deafness Disabilities Masks Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Blindness Sign Language Protective Clothing and Gear Source Type: news
Authors: Steinle JJ Abstract Despite decades of research, diabetic retinopathy remains the leading cause of blindness in working age adults. Treatments for early phases for the disease remain elusive. One pathway that appears to regulate neuronal, vascular, and inflammatory components of diabetic retinopathy is the cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) pathway. In this review, we discuss the current literature on cAMP actions on the retina, with a focus on neurovascular changes commonly associated with preproliferative diabetic retinopathy models. PMID: 32476815 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Molecular Vision - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Vis Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CCMVI) may result in neurodevelopmental impairments (NDIs) such as hearing loss, developmental delay, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy. We aimed to investigate the potential for brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict NDI in patients with CCMVI. METHODS: We studied infants with CCMVI who were referred to our hospital from April 2010 to October 2018 and underwent a brain MRI within 3 months since birth. We screened for 6 classic presentations of CCMVI including ventriculomegaly, periventricular cysts, hippocampal dysplasia, cerebellar hypoplasi...
Source: Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Neonatology Source Type: research
Authors: Alanagreh L, Alzoughool F, Atoum M Abstract The emerging COVID-19 pandemic poses a threat to the global health care system. Given the lack of antiviral therapies or vaccines for the disease, the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) obtained much attention as a treatment for COVID-19. However, there are limited and uncertain clinical data to support the beneficial effect of this drug in COVID-19 treatment. HCQ has several side effects and warnings, including blindness, heart failure, and renal toxicity, even with recommended doses. For severe cases of COVID-19 or in patients with preexisting condition...
Source: International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Risk Saf Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2020Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Mansoureh Adel Ghahraman, Sahar Shomeil Shushtari, Mahin Sedaie, Shohreh Jalaie, Mojtaba Tavakkoli
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The authors report a case of a 35-year-old man who presented with left maxillary toothache associated with left sided facial pain and a rapidly progressive loss of vision in the left eye. Clinical and radiological assessments revealed it to be an odontogenic orbital apex syndrome secondary to a vertical root fracture of a tooth. The infection was treated and controlled, postoperative follow-up showed no recurrent inflammation and the patient recovered well. However, the vision was lost permanently. Odontogenic orbital apex syndrome is a rare, aggressive disease. Once the infection spreads, it progresses rapidly, becoming a...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
In this study, we measured the Notch1 DNA methylation level, determined the Notch1 and related DNA methylases mRNA expression, and evaluated the ratio of Th17/Treg in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from uveitis patients and normal control subjects; moreover, we also tested the levels of relevant inflammatory cytokines in serum from the participants. Results indicated that compared with those in normal control individuals, the expression of Ten-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) and Notch1 mRNA is elevated in uveitis patients, whereas the methylation level in Notch1 DNA promotor region (-842 ~ -646 bp) is downregulat...
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness, affecting up to 70 million people worldwide. High intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for glaucoma. It is well established that inefficient aqueous humor (AqH) outflow resulting from structural or functional alterations in ocular drainage tissues causes high IOP, but the genes and pathways involved are poorly understood. We previously demonstrated that mutations in the gene encoding the serine protease PRSS56 induces ocular angle closure and high IOP in mice and identified reduced ocular axial length as a potential contributing factor. Here, we show that Prss...
Source: DMM Disease Models and Mechanisms - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Coluccio LM Abstract Myosins constitute a superfamily of actin-based molecular motor proteins that mediates a variety of cellular activities including muscle contraction, cell migration, intracellular transport, the formation of membrane projections, cell adhesion, and cell signaling. The 12 myosin classes that are expressed in humans share sequence similarities especially in the N-terminal motor domain; however, their enzymatic activities, regulation, ability to dimerize, binding partners, and cellular functions differ. It is becoming increasingly apparent that defects in myosins are associated with disea...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Congenital cone-rod synaptic disorder (CRSD), also known as incomplete congenital stationary night blindness (iCSNB), is a non-progressive inherited retinal disease (IRD) characterized by night blindness, photophobia, and nystagmus, and distinctive electroretinographic features. Here, we report bi-allelic RIMS2 variants in seven CRSD-affected individuals from four unrelated families. Apart from CRSD, neurodevelopmental disease was observed in all affected individuals, and abnormal glucose homeostasis was observed in the eldest affected individual.
Source: The American Journal of Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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