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STDs are Incredibly Common - So Why The Stigma?

By Natalia Gurevich, SWHR Communications Intern Chlamydia, herpes, HIV - I could go on. I'm sure most of these terms sound familiar to the majority of people, especially those who are sexually active. By age 14, it's a requirement in many schools that students take a comprehensive Sex Education course, except for the unfortunate "abstinence only" kids. But most of us were fortunate enough to receive some form of the "birds and the bees" talk in a classroom - usually accompanied by the trials and tribulations of putting a condom on a banana. Around that age, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are discussed in Sex Education and methods of preventing them are emphasized. However, it's not often that the stigma and social implications, in conjunction with the overall psychological implications of STDs, are discussed. Prior to enrolling in a human sexuality course in college, I wasn't aware of the social and psychological stigma attached to STDs. Around that time, it became apparent that there was a high prevalence of STDs within my age group and even within my social circle. These foreign terms I first learned about at the age of 14 weren't so foreign after all. I realized that STDs affect a staggering of number of individuals in my age group, and that far too many people are afraid to open up about them, fearing social repercussion. In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that cases of three nationally prevalent STDs (gon...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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We would like to thank Dr. Yang and his or her colleagues for their excellent and deep review of our article. In their letter to the editor,1 they made several recommendations for our article.
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
We read with great interest the recent study by Zhu et  al1 entitled “Rupture Risk of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations During Pregnancy and Puerperium: A Single-Center Experience and Pooled Data Analysis.” The authors performed a retrospective study to compare risk of rupture in pregnant and nonpregnant female patients with arteriovenous malfor mation (AVM) and assess current evidence regarding rupture risk of AVM during pregnancy and puerperium by pooled data analysis. They concluded that an increase in annual rate of cerebral AVM hemorrhage during pregnancy and puerperium was found.
Source: World Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
In this study, the RNAs in the gonads of 1.5-year-old Japanese flounders were sequenced using Illumina. The miRNA expression profiles in the mature gonads of males and females were characterized. A total of 277 mature miRNAs were screened in both gonads. Among them, 25 miRNAs were expressed differently in the ovary and testis. Afterward, miR-1388 was selected for its high expression level in the ovary. Gene ontology analysis revealed that the target genes of miR-1388 were highly involved in cell-cell adhesion. Nectin2l, the target of miR-1388, is a Ca-independent cell adhesion molecule that was demonstrated to be testis-bi...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, these data suggest that increased prenatal Ang2 has a predominant impact on the properties of renal Na,K-ATPase in both sexes. Moreover, the enzyme is resistant to higher salt intake in offspring prenatally exposed to Ang2. PMID: 29769424 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Iciek R, Brazert M, Wender-Ozegowska E, Pietryga M, Brazert J Abstract Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is still related to altered fetal growth and severe maternal complications. We studied the possible role of placental visfatin/nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) in fetal development in T1DM pregnancies, the possible role of placental visfatin in fetal macrosomia. Sixty five pregnant women with T1DM and singleton pregnancy were qualified into the study. Placental visfatin expression was by analysed by RT-PCR. We demonstrated the lowest expression of placental visfatin in women who delivered ne...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the mechanistic basis for improvement of semen parameters and reversal of testis damage by QLPs in a rat model of oligoasthenospermia induced by treatment with tripterygium glycosides (TGs) (40 mg/kg) once daily for 4 weeks. Rats were administered QLPs (1.62 g/kg or 3.24 g/kg) each day for 60 days, with untreated animals serving as controls. The concentration and motility of sperm extracted from rat epididymis were determined, whereas histopathological examination and immunohistochemical apoptosis analysis of rat testes was performed. Expression profiles of apoptosis-related genes were determ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
The Texas Medical Association (TMA) will not rest until maternal mortality is eliminated in Texas. Carlos J. Cardenas, MD, TMA ’s immediate past president, threw down a gauntlet today to his physician colleagues — a goal of zero deaths among Texas women who are pregnant or new mothers.
Source: TMA News Room - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Merinopoulou E, Pokras S, Pimenta JM, Blini V, Veronesi C, Buda S, Degli Esposti L, Lambrelli D Abstract BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL)/preterm birth (PTB) impose significant burden on healthcare systems. Women with uncomplicated pregnancies at risk of PTL/PTB have not been widely investigated, and published evidence on the costs of these women and their infants in Italy is absent. We aimed to describe women with uncomplicated pregnancies and associated costs for these women and their infants. METHODS: Data on women aged 12-44 years with uncomplicated pregnancies who delivered between 1/9/2009-31/12/2...
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
Authors: Pérez-Ávila J, Guzmán-Tirado MG, Fraga-Nodarse J, Handley G, Meegan J, Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera JL, Fauci AS Abstract After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific confer...
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
Discussion Of the 30 different microbes which can be transmitted by sexual contact, 8 have the greatest incidence of transmitting disease. Four are curable (Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Trichomoniasis) and 4 are incurable at present (Hepatitis B, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Human papillomavirus (HPV)). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are important as they can cause: Increased rates of acquisition of other STIs (ie HSV and syphilis increase the rate of HIV infection acquisition) Pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility Stillbirth and neonatal death Neonatal morbidity i...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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