How Nursing Is Helping To Combat The Opioid Epidemic

The opioid epidemic knows no boundaries. The epidemic is not limited to race, profession or socioeconomic status. Since 1999, the number of overdose deaths involving opioids (heroin and prescribed opioids) nearly quadrupled with more people dying from drug overdoses in 2014 than recorded in any prior year. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 78 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose. At least half of all opioid overdose deaths involve a prescription opioid. Despite recent initiatives that have been put into place to curb the number of opioid related deaths, such as public availability of the opioid antidote naloxone, it is essential to address the root cause of the issue. According to the CDC, the three areas that must be targeted to address this epidemic relate to: 1) improve prescribing of opioids; 2) expand treatment of addiction; and 3) reduce access to illegal opioids. Nurses are uniquely positioned to combat this epidemic and play a pivotal role in the prescribing of opioids as well as steering those suffering from drug addiction to available treatment options and community services. Education is an essential factor in reducing opioid deaths. Both health care providers and consumers must be aware of evidence supporting the correlation between prescription opioid use, and opioid use disorder and overdose, particularly with high doses and long-term use. It is important to note that the new evidence-based guideline is not intended f...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Chang C, Wu H, Lu Q Abstract Food allergy is a global health problem, particularly in developed countries. It is mainly mediated by Th2 cell and IgE produced by B cells. While the pathogenesis of IgE-mediated food allergy is quite straightforward, the factors that lead to the development of food allergies at any age in children and adults are unclear. Recent studies have revealed that genetics, epigenetics, and environmental exposures contribute to the development of atopy. In this chapter, we discuss the interplay between these three key elements, reveal how epigenetic modifications may mediate genetic su...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Ceribelli A, Selmi C Abstract Genomic predisposition fails to fully explain the onset of complex diseases, which is well illustrated by the largely incomplete concordance among monozygotic twins. Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, chromatin remodeling, and non-coding RNA, are the link between environmental stimuli and disease onset on a permissive genetic background in autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. Autoimmune diseases now include almost 100 conditions and are estimated to cumulatively affect up to 5% of the world population with a healthcare expenditure superior to cancer wor...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang L, Lu Q, Chang C Abstract Epigenetic mechanisms, which include DNA methylation, histone modification, and microRNA (miRNA), can produce heritable phenotypic changes without a change in DNA sequence. Disruption of gene expression patterns which are governed by epigenetics can result in autoimmune diseases, cancers, and various other maladies. Mechanisms of epigenetics include DNA methylation (and demethylation), histone modifications, and non-coding RNAs such as microRNAs. Compared to numerous studies that have focused on the field of genetics, research on epigenetics is fairly recent. In contrast to ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
A 56-year-old male with no known history of substance abuse and no known prior medical conditions presented  via ambulance to the emergency department after being found by coworkers with bizarre behavior, vomiting, and slurred speech. He had legally purc...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Cliffside Malibu does not condone the use of the term “addict” when referring to people suffering from the disorder of addiction. However, we do understand that others still may use the term in order to find information. Many people may find themselves asking the question, “am I an opioid addict?” if they feel as if their use has spiraled out of control. There are many ways to find out if you may have become addicted to opioids, as well as ways to get help and find treatment. How Opioid Addiction Begins Nearly 80% of heroin users started with prescription opioids, which puts prescription drugs and ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction to Pharmaceuticals addiction treatment opioid opioid crisis opioids pharmaceutical addiction pharmaceutical drug abuse treatment Source Type: blogs
With all the news media accounts and reports from governmental health organizations about the opioid epidemic, including the 70,237 drug overdose deaths in 2017, a newly emerging threat is gaining attention: use and misuse of benzodiazepines, opioid drugs and Z-drugs. Specifically, combining these three drugs can create a deadly combination that snuffs out lives. Benzodiazepine Overdose Deaths on the Rise Benzodiazepines, a class of sedative narcotic drugs including Xanax and Valium used to treat anxiety, insomnia and other disorders and classified as Schedule IV under the Controlled Substances Act by the Drug Enforcement ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Substance Abuse Suicide Source Type: news
Bribery. Conspiracy. Racketeering. Those are just three of the accusations that federal prosecutors leveled against two Alabama physicians in April as part of a 22-count criminal indictment ― alleging that Drs. John Couch and Xiulu Ruan ran an opioid pill mill in exchange for hundreds of thousands of dollars in kickbacks from a pharmaceutical company. Couch and Ruan were arrested in 2015 after prescribing Medicare patients a combined $4.9 million in Subsys ― a potent form of fentanyl, taken via mouth spray and designed to treat severe cancer pain ― between 2013 and 2014. Some of those prescription...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In addition to choosing a president this November 8th nine states have marijuana legalization on the ballot this election day. Just like the presidential election, misinformation abounds when it comes to marijuana and the effects its legalization would have on the states considering it. Here are a few of the most common myths associated with marijuana legalization and the truths they’re hiding. Myth: Only recreational smokers want to legalize marijuana. Reality: Medical marijuana is an effective treatment for a wide variety of physical and psychological illnesses ranging from chronic pain to seizures to ongoing canc...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Richard Taite addiction treatment center drug addiction drug treatment drug treatment center healthy eating prescription drug abuse prescription drug addiction substance abuse Source Type: blogs
This report also shows how important it is that law enforcement intensify efforts to reduce the availability of heroin, illegal fentanyl, and other illegal opioids.” In March, the CDC issued new guidelines for opioid prescription and urged doctors to avoid prescribing pain pills for patients with chronic pain in favor of non-opioid prescriptions or other therapies.   Helping Loved Ones Struggling With Addiction If you think your loved one might be abusing legally prescribed opioids, don't be shy. "If a family member feels that someone is misusing [legally prescribed opioids], you have to call the presc...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Pain. It’s a nearly unavoidable part of the human experience. Whether it comes as the result of an injury or accident, surgery, or a health issue such as a headache or infection, arthritis, or fibromyalgia, pain can interfere with the ability to sleep, work, and enjoy life. There are many ways to treat pain. Opioid drugs are one of them. Some examples include hydrocodone (used in Vicodin), oxycodone (used in Percocet), methadone, codeine, and morphine. These prescription drugs reduce the brain’s recognition of pain by binding to certain receptors in the body. In many situations, opioids are a reasonable choice ...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Drugs and Supplements Pain Management naloxone narcan opioids painkillers prescription painkillers Source Type: news
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