Internal Medicine NBME 3 + 4 Thread

Hey, I didnt see a thread to discuss the new NBMEs and I wasnt sure whether or not to post questions in the internal medicine shelf thread so I created this thread so no one would be surprised by seeing a question discussed in the other threads. 1. A 27 year old man comes to the phsyician because of a 3 hour history of muscle swelling and tenderness of the left thigh following minimal trauma. History of hemophilia A and has received factor VIII replacement therapy for bleeding episodes... Internal Medicine NBME 3 + 4 Thread
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums

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Condition:   Hemophilia A Interventions:   Biological: Damoctocog-alfa-pegol (BAY94-9027, Jivi);   Biological: Rurioctocog alfa pegol (Adynovi) Sponsor:   Bayer Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Escobar M, Santagostino E, Mancuso ME, Coppens M, Balasa V, Taylor JA, Iorio A, Negrier C Abstract Introduction: Prophylaxis with factor replacement therapy is the gold standard for the treatment of hemophilia, but this often requires frequent infusions. A number of long-acting factor products have been developed to reduce the burden on patients. Areas covered: This is an overview of information presented at two symposia held at the World Federation of Hemophilia and International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Scientific and Standardization Committee annual meetings. The pharmacokinetic, safety a...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Authors: Park N, Jang JS, Cha JH Abstract Peptic ulcer disease is the most common cause of acute gastrointestinal bleeding, followed by variceal bleeding, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, and malignancy. On the contrary, acquired hemophilia A is a very rare hemorrhagic disease, which usually manifests with musculocutaneous bleeding, caused by autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII. A 78-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with melena. Dieulafoy's lesions were observed on esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and endoscopic cauterization was performed. However, the patient complained of back pain and symptoms in...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
Abstract The treatment or prevention of bleeding in patients with hemophilia A rely on replacement therapy with different factor VIII containing products or on the use of by-passing agents, i.e., activated prothrombin complex concentrates or recombinant activated factor VII. Emerging approaches include the use of bispecific anti-factor IXa/factor X antibodies, anti-Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor antibodies, interfering RNA to antithrombin, APC-specific serpins or gene therapy. The latter strategies however meet with short term clinical experience and potential adverse effects including the absence of tight tempor...
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
The usefulness of the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) waveform has been reported in hemophilia, acquired hemophilia and monitoring for anticoagulants.
Source: Thrombosis Journal - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Abstract Emicizumab is a bispecific antibody to factor (F) IX/IXa and FX/FXa, which mimics FVIIIa cofactor function. Emicizumab prophylaxis significantly decreases bleeding events for patients with hemophilia A (PwHA). However, global hemostatic monitoring in emicizumab-treated PwHA remains poorly investigated. Using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM), we evaluated coagulation potentials of whole blood samples from seven emicizumab-treated PwHA who participated in ACE001JP/ACE002JP studies. Dose-dependent coagulation-enhancing effects of emicizumab to whole blood from PwHA mixed with an anti-FVIII C2 antibody i...
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research
The “Joint Outcomes Study” (JOS) demonstrated improved joint outcomes for patients receiving primary prophylaxis versus on-demand therapy. The impact of primary prophylaxis on inpatient health care utilization is not well-defined. To evaluate changes in hospitalization care of children with hemophilia before and after the 2007 JOS publication, this study utilized the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) to evaluate admissions for patients with hemophilia A or B (age, 2 to 7) admitted between January 2002 and 2006 (pre-JOS) and January 2010 and 2014 (post-JOS). Discharge diagnosis codes and clinical transa...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Online Articles: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionThough personalized treatment can be formalized to some extent, it is expected that medical treatment skills and management by tacit knowledge are affected in individualized treatment based on standardized treatment. Medical institutions and medical staff are the main body sharing and deploying measures to disseminate and utilize medical devices, cooperating with them can be an effective management of standardized and individualized treatment.
Source: Personalized Medicine Universe - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractDamoctocog alfa pegol (Jivi®) is approved in the USA, EU, Japan and Canada for the treatment and prophylaxis of previously treated patients aged ≥ 12 years with haemophilia A. Formulated with a 60 kDa polyethylene glycol (PEG) moiety, damoctocog alfa pegol is an intravenously (IV) administered recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) product with a longer terminal half-life than non-PEGylated FVIII and rFVIII products. In the multinational ph ase II/III PROTECT VIII trial, prophylaxis with damoctocog alfa pegol reduced the likelihood of bleeding in previously treated patients aged ≥ 1...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This report presents a newborn case with severe hemophilia A, who had a splenic hematoma presented on the second day of life with severe anemia, abdominal distention, abdominal and scrotal ecchymosis. The patient was successfully treated medically with factor VIII concentrates without splenectomy. Molecular analysis of the factor VIII gene revealed a hemizygous deletion in exon 13.
Source: Transfusion and Apheresis Science - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
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