Impact of Donor Epstein-Barr Virus Serostatus on the Incidence of Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Patients With Acute Leukemia After Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation: A Study From the Acute Leukemia and Infectious Diseases Working Parties of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Hematologic Malignancy

Purpose We investigated the effect of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) serostatus on the overall outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Patients and Methods The study included 11,364 patients who underwent allogeneic peripheral-blood or bone marrow transplantation for acute leukemia between 1997 and 2012. We analyzed the impact of donor and recipient EBV serologic status on overall survival, relapse-free survival, relapse incidence, nonrelapse mortality, and incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allo-HSCT. Results Patients receiving grafts from EBV-seropositive donors had the same overall survival as patients who received grafts from EBV-seronegative donors (hazard ratio [HR], 1.05; 95% CI, 0.97 to 1.12; P = .23). Seropositive donors also had no influence on relapse-free survival (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.97 to 1.11; P = 0.31), relapse incidence (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.12; P = .58), and nonrelapse mortality (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.17; P = .37). However, in univariate analysis, recipients receiving grafts from seropositive donors had a higher risk of chronic GVHD than those with seronegative donors (40.8% v 31.0%, respectively; P
Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Combined Therapy, Biology & Immunology Hematologic Malignancy Source Type: research

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Nagler A Abstract We compared severe graft-versus-host-disease free and relapse-free survival and other transplantation outcomes of acute myeloid leukemia patients given bone marrow without anti-thymocyte globulin, versus peripheral blood stem cells with anti-thymocyte globulin after myeloablative conditioning. In the cohort of patients receiving grafts from a human-leukocyte-antigen matched sibling donor, patients given peripheral blood stem cells with anti-thymocyte globulin (n=1,021) and those given bone marrow without anti-thymocyte globulin (n=1,633) presented comparable severe graft-versus-host-disease free...
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
Conclusions The discovery of JAK2V617F mutation in BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs by four different international cooperative groups in 2005 (2–5) led to significant insights on the pathogenesis of these disorders. In fact, this mutation results in a gain-of-function with activation of cytokine and growth factor receptors, and thus of the downstream JAK-STAT pathway (79, 95–98). The JAK2 point mutation in exon 12, present in a small percentage of patients with PV, is able to induce the MPN phenotype through the same pathogenic mechanism (6, 7). In 2006 the MPLW515L/K was reported in ET and PMF patients (44, 45) and d...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion This case demonstrates successful cure of pre-B-ALL complicating XLA by alloSCT with restoration of B-cell development and functional antibody response. We are aware of only one previous case of pre-B-ALL in an XLA patient (21), which suggests that human BTK deficiency in itself does not predispose to pre-B-ALL. However, there are data to suggest that BTK may act as a tumor suppressor, and BTK deficiency may predispose to tumor development following a “second hit.” Mice with a genetic deficiency in Slp65, a gene encoding an adaptor protein that functions together with BTK, have a block in progenito...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions The concept of osteoimmunology is aging well, almost 20 years since the term was coined. This way of interpreting bone and the immune system has been steadily providing new insights about how the two of them operate and cooperate. As an example, the role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in promoting osteoclastogenesis, and the many parallelisms between immune cells and osteoclasts have proved crucial to understand the biology of these giant bone-eating cells. Intriguingly, the control mechanisms between bone and the immune system are complex, tightly interconnected, and involve many players. The underlying comple...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This prospective multicenter study provides information on the current incidence and outcome of IFD in the real life setting. Practice variation between the centers may help to ultimately improve antifungal management in children at highest risk for IFDs. Introduction Available data on the incidence and outcome of invasive fungal diseases (IFD) in children treated for a hematological malignancy or undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are mostly based on single site, retrospective studies or on studies performed prior to the availability of newer compounds such as broad-sp...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Nicolaas G. van der Maas, Dagmar Berghuis, Mirjam van der Burg and Arjan C. Lankester* Willem-Alexander Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics and Laboratory for Pediatric Immunology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands B cell reconstitution after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is variable and influenced by different patient, donor, and treatment related factors. In this review we describe B cell reconstitution after pediatric allogeneic HST, including the kinetics of reconstitution of the different B cell subsets and the development of the B cell repertoire, and d...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: CAR T cell therapies have demonstrated the clinical benefits of harnessing our body's own defenses to combat tumor cells. Similar research is being conducted on lesser known modifications and gene-modified immune cells, which we highlight in this review. Introduction Chimeric antigen receptors and engineered T cell receptors (based on previously identified high affinity T cell receptors) function by redirecting T cells to a predefined tumor-specific (or tumor-associated) target. Most of these modifications use retroviral or lentiviral vectors to integrate the construct, and most of the receptors ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract A 42-year-old female complaining of fever and night sweats was diagnosed with acute megakaryoblastic blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-BP). She had massive splenomegaly, left pleural effusion with leukemia infiltration, and moderate myelofibrosis. She received dasatinib monotherapy (140 mg/day) as for induction, after which her pleural effusion rapidly resolved and hematological remission was achieved. However, CML relapsed 4 months after starting dasatinib due to increased BCR-ABL fusion signals in the peripheral blood. The T315I mutation was also detected at the recurrence of CML. As a salv...
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research
ConclusionsDespite the high infection frequency, survival rates and graft functions were extremely good in patients compared with previous studies. Therefore, current management contributed to favourable outcomes of these patients.
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Recurring chromosome abnormalities are frequent events in cancer and are especially prevalent in hematologic neoplasms. Somatic heterozygous deletions on chromosome 20q are detected in a variety of hematopoietic malignancies including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), classical myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), MDS/MPN overlap disorders such as chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), and acute leukemias. Del(20q) is especially prevalent in MPN patients (~10-15%), where it is the most commonly detected cytogenetic abnormality associated with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis (MF). This sugg...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 635. Myeloproliferative Syndromes: Basic Science: Mechanisms of Development and Progression Source Type: research
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