Antigenic landscape of the HIV-1 envelope and new immunological concepts defined by HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies.

Antigenic landscape of the HIV-1 envelope and new immunological concepts defined by HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies. Curr Opin Immunol. 2016 Jun 9;42:56-64 Authors: Wu X, Kong XP Abstract The isolation of HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs) has demonstrated the ability of the human immune system to mount effective antibody responses against the virus. To harness this immune potential to elicit similar antibody responses by vaccination, it is important to understand the immunological processes that produce them. Here we review recent advances in crystal structural determinations of HIV-1 bnAb epitopes that directly portray the antigenic landscape of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. We also summarize new immunological concepts implicated in bnAb sequences and their lineage studies. PMID: 27289425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Opinion in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Immunol Source Type: research

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