Compared study of routine magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor tractography on the predictive value of diagnosis and prognosis in acute cervical spinal cord injury

Conclusions The noninvasion of DTT showed spinal nerve fibers has a higher predictive value on the diagnosis and prognosis of ACSCI than routine MRI.
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Study Design. Retrospective study. Objective. We identified radiological risk factors for neurological deficits in mid and low lumbar spinal fractures. Summary of Background Data. Although numerous studies have focused on radiological risk factors for neurological deficits in spinal cord injury or thoracolumbar junction area fractures, few have examined mid and low lumbar fractures at the cauda equina level. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 71 consecutive patients who suffered acute traumatic mid and low lumbar fractures (L2–L5) corresponding to the cauda equina level, as confirmed on magnetic resonanc...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Conclusion: A preganglionic cervical nerve root avulsion should not be a contraindication for a stellate ganglion block in a patient with established CRPS. PMID: 33024600 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
In this study, we compared surgeons ’ surgical planning decisions with and without preoperative MRI. We hypothesized that the MRI would not substantially change the surgical plan.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Neuroinflammation due to CTLA4h is mediated primarily by an infiltrative process with a distinct and striking dissociation between clinical symptoms and radiological findings in the majority of patients.FUNDING NIAID, NIH, Division of Intramural Research, NINDS, NIH, Division of Intramural Research, and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society–American Brain Foundation.TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00001355.
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionEven diagnosing PTS early in its evolution with MRI, to date, no satisfactory standard treatment exists, and the present literature review shows similar outcomes, regardless of the treatment modality. Therefore, PTS remains a neurosurgical challenge. Additional research is required using appropriate study designs for improving treatment options.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
In this study, we implemented a deep neural network for MRI to detect lesions caused by cervical diseases. We retrospectively reviewed the MRI of 1,500 patients irrespective of whether they had cervical diseases. The patients were treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2018. We randomly divided the MRI data into three groups of datasets: disc group (800 datasets), injured group (200 datasets), and normal group (500 datasets). We designed the relevant parameters and used a faster-region convolutional neural network (Faster R-CNN) combined with a backbone convolutional feature extractor using the ResNet-50 and...
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
Abstract Hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) has beneficial effects on the promotion of locomotor recovery by reducing apoptosis and inflammation after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has been implicated in apoptosis and inflammation in many pathophysiological conditions. However, whether HBO-PC improves traumatic SCI-induced locomotor dysfunction by regulating the mTOR signaling pathway and its downstream molecules remains unknown. In the present study, we found that HBO-PC significantly promoted SCI-induced hind-limb locomotor recovery and inc...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a relevant gap between recommendations and clinical routine for time to some assessments after spinal cord injury. Within the framework of a quality improvement project, the next steps should be to build a national and international consensus on specific time frames for examinations and assessments in patients with a newly acquired spinal cord injury and thereafter, to develop an institutional implementation strategy.    . PMID: 32730632 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
Journal of Neurotrauma,Volume 37, Issue 15, Page 1759-1760, August 1, 2020.
Source: Journal of Neurotrauma - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Retrospective review The degree of spinal cord compression and bony spinal canal stenosis are risk factors for the occurrence of spinal cord injury (SCI) without major fracture or dislocation, but they do not affect the severity of neurological symptoms. However, whether a relatively large spinal cord for the dural sac influences the severity of symptoms in SCI cases is unknown. The purpose of this study was to verify the influence of spinal cord size relative to dural sac on the severity of paralysis in elderly patients with cervical SCI caused by minor trauma. Subjects were 50 elderly patients with SCI caused by falls...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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