Developing Visually Based, Low-Literacy Health Education Tools for African Americans with Psychotic Disorders and Their Families.

Developing Visually Based, Low-Literacy Health Education Tools for African Americans with Psychotic Disorders and Their Families. Community Ment Health J. 2014 Mar 16; Authors: Broussard B, Radkins JB, Compton MT Abstract Schizophrenia presents particular challenges to health literacy, partly due to associated neurocognitive deficits. In order to develop engaging, recovery-oriented, visually based psychoeducational tools pertaining to psychotic disorders, thirty-nine individuals, consisting of mental health service users with serious mental illnesses, family members, and mental health professionals, participated in informal discussions. Using suggestions from these groups, the first two psychoeducational booklets of a planned series were developed in collaboration with a graphic designer and visual artist. Content of the booklets was developed addressing four components: knowledge, self-efficacy/self-management, incorporating a workbook format, and planning/contracting. In a follow-up discussion group, mental health service users provided positive feedback on the completed booklets. The finished booklets are practical, accessible, engaging, and low-literacy. These and other innovative approaches are needed to enhance mental health care, promote self-efficacy/empowerment, and encourage communication between service users, family members, and providers, especially in light of limited health literacy, illness-related neurocognitive impairments, and stigma. ...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research

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Authors: Gaebel W, Zäske H, Hesse K, Klingberg S, Ohmann C, Grebe J, Kolbe H, Icks A, Schneider F, Backes V, Wolff-Menzler C, Guse B, Gallinat J, Bock T, Jockers-Scherübl MC, Krüger T, Jessen F, Bechdolf A, Kircher T, Konrad C, Falkai P, Schaub A, Rudolph M, Köllner V, Schmid-Ott G, Linden M, Lieberei B, Stuhlinger M, Sommerfeld S, Schumacher A, Krenge S, Gereke S, Mönter N, Navarro-Urena A, Frosch G, Kuhlbusch FJ, Cleveland H, Riesbeck M Abstract There is a need for interventions supporting patients with mental health conditions in coping with stigma and discrimination. A psycho-educationa...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Psychotropic prescription patterns in Asian adult patients with schizophrenia varied across countries. Regular surveys on psychotropic medications for schizophrenia are important to monitor pharmacotherapy practice in Asia. PMID: 31520884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Depression, schizophrenia and some other mental health conditions have a variety of symptoms but they all seem to be connected by similar differences in the brain
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research
In conclusion, PT-31 displayed a preclinical pharmacology predictive of neuroprotective effects and efficacy in relieving schizophrenia symptoms, without inducing motor side effects, suggesting that it could represent a molecular scaffold for antipsychotic drug development.
Source: Behavioural Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere is an asymmetry between the increase in the use of antipsychotics in BD and the lack of data regarding the SRA. Phenomenologically, SRA in BD is similar to that found in schizophrenic subjects. Some of these symptoms may be misdiagnosed as depressive symptoms. The existing data show that SRA has a strong correlation with treatment compliance as well as a promising way to develop theoretical paradigms for these disorders.
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo review the evolution of family support movement for schizophrenia in India and to report perspectives of family caregivers who are running family support groups across the country in the backdrop of recent legislations in India.Recent FindingsFamily support movement started in the 1990s, mostly by family caregivers independently in multiple cities across the country. Apart from periodic support meetings, they have successfully influenced recent legislations to address the felt needs of families. Mental health professionals need to gain skills to work collaboratively with assertive family caregiv...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDisruptions in fetal development (via genetic and environmental pathways) have been consistently associated with risk for schizophrenia in a variety of studies. Although multiple obstetric complications (OCs) have been linked to schizophrenia, this review will discuss emerging evidence supporting the role of prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) in the etiology of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). In addition, findings linking PNMS to intermediate phenotypes of the disorder, such as OCs and premorbid cognitive, behavioral, and motor deficits, will be reviewed. Maternal immune and endocrine dysregul...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe review recent developments on risk factors in schizophrenia.Recent FindingsThe way we think about schizophrenia today is profoundly different from the way this illness was seen in the twentieth century. We now know that the etiology of schizophrenia is multifactorial and reflects an interaction between genetic vulnerability and environmental contributors. Environmental risk factors such as pregnancy and birth complications, childhood trauma, migration, social isolation, urbanicity, and substance abuse, alone and in combination, acting at a number of levels over time, influence the individual &rs...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
The supplement can help glutamate receptors work more effectively. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mental Health Nutrition subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
ConclusionWe identified excess FW across frontal white matter fibers of rats exposed to prenatal immune activation, analogous to our “bedside” observation in FEP patients. Findings from this initial experiment promote use of the MIA model to examine pathological pathways underlying FW alterations observed in patients with schizophrenia. Establishing these mechanisms has important implications for clinical studies, as free-water imaging reflects a feasible biomarker that has so far yielded consistent findings in the early stages of schizophrenia.
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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