Hepatitis B and C surveillance and screening programmes in the non-EU/EEA Member States of the WHO European Region: survey findings from 10 countries, 2012.

Hepatitis B and C surveillance and screening programmes in the non-EU/EEA Member States of the WHO European Region: survey findings from 10 countries, 2012. Euro Surveill. 2016 Jun 2;21(22) Authors: Mozalevskis A, Eramova I, Safreed-Harmon K, Lazarus JV Abstract The hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics warrant a comprehensive response based on reliable population-level information about transmission, disease progression and disease burden, with national surveillance systems playing a major role. In order to shed light on the status of surveillance in countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region outside of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA), we surveyed 18 countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Among the 10 countries that responded, the common features of many surveillance systems included mandatory surveillance, passive case-finding and the reporting of both acute and chronic HBV and HCV. Only some countries had surveillance systems that incorporated the tracking of associated conditions and outcomes such as cirrhosis and liver transplantation. Screening programmes for some key populations appeared to be in place in many countries, but there may be gaps in relation to screening programmes for people who inject drugs, prisoners, sex workers and men who have sex with men. Nonetheless, important components of a surveillance structure are in place in the responding study countries. It is advi...
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

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Conclusion: CAM practice and herb consumption were highly prevalent among patients with CKD. Patients inadequately inform the primary physicians about their CAM practices. Therefore, healthcare providers are encouraged to inquire about these practices. PMID: 32099440 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research
There's new evidence that the diversity of bacteria, virus and other microbes in the gut affects a patient's odds of a successful stem cell transplant. It's the latest study in a growing body of research showing the microorganisms quietly thriving in our intestines affect our health in a variety of ways.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Transplantation Headlines - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Transplantation News Source Type: news
This study has several limitations. Frist, HCV exists in a quasispecies form in human body (Martell et al., 1992). It will be better to obtain a single full-length genome sequence from a single virus. However, because of failure in amplification of near full-length HCV genome (>5000 bps), we amplified and sequenced 10 overlapping HCV genomic segments to obtain the whole genome sequence. Therefore, the genomic sequences obtained in this study contain some ambiguous (or degenerate) nucleotides (quasispecies population). Second, previous studies showed that vast majority of IDUs in Yunnan, especially in the China-Myanmar b...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
(CNN) — Death rates from liver cancer increased 43% for American adults from 2000 to 2016, according to a report released Tuesday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. The increase comes even as mortality for all cancers combined has declined. Liver cancer death rates increased for both men and women 25 and older, as well as white, black and Hispanic people. Only Asians and Pacific Islanders saw a decrease in mortality from liver cancer. The rise in mortality doesn’t mean that liver cancer is deadlier than before, according to Dr. Jiaquan Xu, the aut...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Cancer Liver Cancer Source Type: news
This article proposes a strategy for primary care providers to begin treating patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV). We are motivated by the need to expand HCV treatment and by developments that have simplified treatment for most patients. This article presents 5 steps to achieving quality HCV treatment in the primary care setting: (1) accurate diagnosis via reflex testing; (2) risk stratification and identifying comorbidities via pretreatment evaluation; (3) simple, once-daily, pan-genotypic HCV treatment regimens; (4) minimized on-treatment monitoring: and (5) posttreatment monitoring and high-quality care for comorbidit...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Ghouri YA, Mian I, Rowe JH Abstract Since the 1970s, the epidemic of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has spread beyond the Eastern Asian predominance and has been increasing in Northern hemisphere, especially in the United States (US) and Western Europe. It occurs more commonly in males in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Among all cancers, HCC is one of the fastest growing causes of death in the US and poses a significant economic burden on healthcare. Chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus and alcohol accounts for the majority of HCC cases. Incidence of nonalcoholic fatty...
Source: Journal of Carcinogenesis - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Carcinog Source Type: research
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Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is increasing dramatically in incidence in Europe and the United States due mainly to the hepatitis C epidemic and, to a lesser extent, increased body mass index of the population. In the fairly recent past, HCC was largely considered as untreatable due to detection mainly at late stages and lack of effective drugs for treatment. Several advances have led to changes in the prognosis of HCC. Screening of high-risk populations has allowed for earlier detection in some studies. If found at an early stage, liver transplantation not only cures the usual underlying cirrhosis but has cure rates for HCC...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2016 Source:Medical Journal Armed Forces India, Volume 72, Issue 3 Author(s): Sandeep Satsangi, Yogesh K. Chawla Viral hepatitis is a cause for major health care burden in India and is now equated as a threat comparable to the “big three” communicable diseases – HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Hepatitis A virus and Hepatitis E virus are predominantly enterically transmitted pathogens and are responsible to cause both sporadic infections and epidemics of acute viral hepatitis. Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus are predominantly spread via parenteral route and are notorious...
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics warrant a comprehensive response based on reliable population-level information about transmission, disease progression and disease burden, with national surveillance systems playing a major role. In order to shed light on the status of surveillance in countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region outside of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA), we surveyed 18 countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Among the 10 countries that responded, the common features of many surveillance systems included mandatory surveillance, pa...
Source: Eurosurveillance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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