Zika May Place Burden On Medicaid

Congress is currently debating the level of federal funding that should be made available to fight to reduce the spread of Zika. Administration officials working with local public health agencies on the ground have recently expressed fear that the funding levels are insufficient to prevent the disease from spreading. What is one overlooked concern? State budgets. Medicaid is jointly funded by states and the federal government and serves as a key financer of health care services if Zika spreads across the country this summer. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently released a bulletin to state Medicaid Directors outlining how Medicaid funds can be used to both prevent the spread of Zika and treat people infected by the disease and infants born with microcephaly. With Medicaid covering roughly half of the births in America today, the program will finance many pregnancies potentially affected by Zika. What does the bulletin do? Foremost, the bulletin does not change current Medicaid policy; it only outlines and explains agency policy. CMS regularly releases guidance in this form that explains federal flexibilities that states can implement; however, states are not required to make these changes to their Medicaid programs. The guidance does not change Medicaid’s potential responsibility for the cost of many Zika-related medical services. Instead, the guidance recommends ways to reduce the spread of disease so that spending on high-cost medical services...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Equity and Disparities Medicaid and CHIP Public Health family planning States Zika Source Type: blogs

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Conclusion: MMP-3 rs35068180 polymorphism may modulate RPL risk in Iranian women. There is no evidence to suggest that MMP-2 (rs243865, rs2285053) and MMP 9 (rs3918242, rs17576) polymorphisms are associated with RPL risk. PMID: 31955640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Luís Fernando Parizi, Carolina Konrdörfer Rangel, Gabriela Alves Sabadin, Bianca Fagundes Saggin, Irene Kiio, Marina Amaral Xavier, Renata da Silva Matos, Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias, Adriana Seixas, Satoru Konnai, Kazuhiko Ohashi, Naftaly Wang'ombe Githaka, Itabajara da Silva VazAbstractRhipicephalus appendiculatus, the brown ear tick, is an important disease vector of livestock in eastern, central and southern Africa. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus acaricide resistance requires the search for alternative methods f...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
This study assessed whether the endemic status of this disease was stable or instable, which is important for disease control efforts. For this aim, 4115 sheep blood samples were collected from 81 cities in the seven geographical regions of Turkey. The diagnosis of Babesia ovis was made using microscopic and serological techniques. Thin blood smears were prepared from anticoagulated venous blood. Serum samples were screened for specific antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). Recombinant Babesia ovis secreted antigen 1 (rBoSA1) was used in the ELISA. The ...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Rebecca Peters, Mario StevensonAbstractZika virus (ZIKV) captured mass public attention in 2014–16 due to its potentially devastating teratogenic effects in unborn babies. Although recent years show a decline in disease activity as ZIKV settles into endemic New World cycles, the significant challenges that originally complicated its diagnosis remain, and linkages to foetal microcephaly make safe, accurate, and timely detection especially important. The present chapter seeks to define current direct and indirect immunological d...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
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