The application of health literacy measurement tools (collective or individual domains) in assessing chronic disease management: a systematic review protocol

Discussion This systematic review will be one of several key contributions central to a global evidence-based strategy funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) for measuring HL in patients with asthma and COPD, highlighting the gaps and inconsistencies of domains between existing tools. The knowledge generated from this review will provide the team information on (1) the five-domain model and cross domains, (2) underlying constructs, (3) tool length, (4) time for completion, (5) reading level, and (6) format for development of the proposed tool. Other aspects of the published validation studies such as reliability coefficients, SEM, correlations with other variables, clinically important difference, and IRT-based analyses will be important for comparison purposes when testing, interpreting, and validating the developed tool. Systematic review registration PROSPERO CRD42016037532
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Related Links:

Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: PPCs after abdominal surgery are still a major problem since they have profound effects on outcomes. Our results suggest that programs before surgery, involve preoperative lifestyle changes, such as nutritional supplementation, exercise, stress reduction, and smoking cessation, were an effective strategy in mitigating postoperative complications by decreasing mortality. PMID: 31827617 [PubMed]
Source: Patient Safety in Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Patient Saf Surg Source Type: research
Epidemiological studies report that overweight or obese asthmatic subjects have more severe disease than those of a healthy weight. We postulated that accumulation of adipose tissue within the airway wall may occur in overweight patients and contribute to airway pathology. Our aim was to determine the relationship between adipose tissue within the airway wall and body mass index (BMI) in individuals with and without asthma. Transverse airway sections were sampled in a stratified manner from post mortem lungs of control subjects (n=15) and cases of nonfatal (n=21) and fatal (n=16) asthma. The relationship between airway adi...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: COPD and smoking, Asthma and allergy Original Articles: Asthma and COPD Source Type: research
ConclusionsHospitalization for HRF is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Our observation that home oxygen use was associated with increased mortality suggests that oxygen use could be a risk factor for death in patients with HRF.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao Z, Chang MY, Frerichs I, Zhang JH, Chang HT, Gow CH, Möller K Abstract BACKGROUND: Since bronchial abnormalities often exhibit spatial non-uniformity which may be not correctly assessed by conventional global lung function measures, regional information may help to characterize the disease progress. We hypothesized that regional air trapping during mechanical ventilation could be characterized by regional end-expiratory flow (EEF) derived from electrical impedance tomography (EIT). METHODS: Twenty-five patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD grade 3 or 4) or severe...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Joint Bone SpineAuthor(s): Chang-Fu Kuo, Patricia B. Burns, Jung-Sheng Chen, Lu Wang, Kevin C. ChungAbstractObjective: The purpose of the study is to investigate the risk of preventable hospitalization among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods: We identified 11,852 incident RA patients and 59,260 age-, sex-, and index year-matched controls from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. Index date was the RA diagnosis date for cases, which was assigned to their matched controls. The odds ratios (OR) of preventable hospitalizations between RA patients...
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In this study, we report the design and fabrication of a high-performance HPV sensor based on nanocomposites of nanofibers of a porphyrin derivative (oxo-[5,10,15,20-tetra(4-pyridyl)porphyrinato]titanium(IV) (TiOTPyP)) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) at room temperature. Two types of HPV sensor transducers were fabricated using pristine SWCNTs only and TiOTPyP nanofiber/SWCNT nanocomposite and the sensor responses were compared. The significant differences in reproducibility and selectivity of the two sensors reflected the significant impact of the added TiOTPyP nanofibers on the device performance. The respons...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Induced sputum is a non-invasive method of collecting cells from airways. Gene expression analysis from sputum cells has been used to understand the underlying mechanisms of airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Suitable reference genes for normalisation of target mRNA levels between sputum samples have not been defined so far. The current study assessed the expression stability of nine common reference genes in sputum samples from 14 healthy volunteers, 12 asthmatics and 12 COPD patients. Using three different algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper), we identified HPRT1 and...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung biology and experimental studies Original Articles: Lung biology Source Type: research
The recent paper in the European Respiratory Journal by Janson et al. [1] on testing bronchodilator responsiveness suggests that it has no value in distinguishing asthma from COPD. The authors correctly state that "there are many different ways of defining bronchodilator reversibility." However, they do not then mention any of them other than using the change in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) standardised by the start value. This can lead to a sex and size bias in assessing bronchodilator response [2]. One method, that was recommended by the European Respiratory Society many years ago [3], standardises th...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Correspondence Source Type: research
More News: Asthma | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary | Databases & Libraries | Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Men | Science | Study