Study of 81,000 Adults Examines Mental Illness, Gun Violence and Suicide

Contact: Samiha Khanna Phone: 919-419-5069 Email: samiha.khanna@duke.edu https://www.dukehealth.org EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE until 4 p.m. (ET) on MONDAY, JUNE 6, 2016 DURHAM, N.C. -- People with serious mental illnesses who use guns to commit suicide are often legally eligible to purchase guns, despite having a past record of an involuntary mental health examination and brief hospitalization, according to a new Duke Health analysis. The study, released in the June issue of Health Affairs, looked at gun use, violent crime and suicide among 81,704 people diagnosed with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression in Florida’s Miami-Dade and Pinellas counties over 10 years starting in 2002. Over that time, 254 study subjects committed suicide -- nearly four times the average suicide rate of the general adult population in Florida during the same period.  Of the 50 people who used a gun to kill themselves, 72 percent were legally eligible to buy guns at the time of their deaths. The other 28 percent were not supposed to have or buy a gun, but used one to take their own lives. Although this study is limited to a specific population -- adults involved in the public behavioral health system -- the findings can guide federal and state efforts to more precisely tailor mental-health related legal restrictions to reduce gun violence, the authors said. The study relied on a large volume of court and health records to examine the gun rights of people with serious mental he...
Source: DukeHealth.org: Duke Health Features - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Duke Medicine Source Type: news

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ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Almost half (48%) of children and adolescents with a psychotic disorder said they recently had suicidal thoughts or had in the past considered death by suicide when interviewed in the emergency department (ED) using a brief screening questionnaire, according to areport published this week inPsychiatric Services. Most of these youth did not report a chief complaint related to suicidal ideation or behavior when arriving at the ED.Notably, half of the children and adolescents who screened positive for suicide using the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions (ASQ) screen were discharged from the ED, including 44% of those who reporte...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Ask Suicide-Screening Questions Jonathan DeVylder Psychiatric Services psychotic disorders youth Source Type: research
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anger Brain and Behavior Interview Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Policy and Advocacy Psychiatry Psychology Research The Psych Central Show Violence and Aggression Source Type: blogs
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antidepressant Antipsychotic General Medications Mental Health and Wellness Not Crazy Podcast Psychology Research Sexuality Stimulants Treatment Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: For most mental disorders, refugees were less likely to be admitted to hospital for suicide attempt or die by suicide compared with Swedish-born individuals. Further research on risk and protective factors for suicide attempt and suicide among refugees with mental disorders is warranted. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: None. PMID: 31608856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this group of veterans with serious mental illnesses, our results suggest that blister packaging all outpatient prescription medications was budget ‐neutral. Blister packaging may be a cost‐effective barrier to intentional overdose with prescribed medications.
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
We examined the concentrations of chemokines and related substances in the brain tissue from these two groups using the Bio-Plex Pro™ Human Chemokine Panel 40-Plex. We performed multiple regression analysis with covariates. The levels of CCL1, CCL8, CCL13, CCL15, CCL17, CCL19, CCL20, CXCL11, and IL-10 were significantly decreased, whereas the IL-16 levels were significantly increased in the suicide completers after adjustment with the Benjamini-Hochberg method to control for type Ⅰ errors (Q 
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Not Crazy Podcast Self-Help Stigma Source Type: blogs
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Disorders General Interview Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Self-Help Technology The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Mental Health and Wellness Not Crazy Podcast Self-Help Source Type: blogs
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