5 Common Medical Misconceptions
Old wives' tales and superstitions have become part of the fabric of human understanding. Today, with the endless information that the Internet has to offer, questions can be answered at the click of a mouse. This, you might think, would spell the end of scientific and medical misinformation, but the sheer quantity of information that is now available is so bewildering that "common knowledge" has been left largely in place. Most people are too busy to fact-check details that don't directly impact their lives. Here, we will briefly run through five medical "facts" that most people have taken for granted since they were children. Waking a sleepwalker is dangerous Sleepwalking can be an unsettling event for the person doing the walking and anyone who happens to witness the event. Somnambulism, as it is also called, occurs in the deepest part of sleep, normally a few hours after onset. Affecting an estimated 1 to 15 percent of the general population, sleepwalking is surprisingly prevalent, particularly among children. It is common knowledge that waking a sleepwalker can give them a heart attack or put them in a coma. However, according to the National Sleep Foundation, the reverse is, in fact, true: it is dangerous not to wake a sleepwalker. Waking a sleepwalker might confuse them, but not waking them might leave them free to fall down the stairs, smash a glass, or get in their car and take a drive (worse things have happened). That said, waking a s...
Authors: Heiser C, Eckert D Abstract The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is considered to be very high in western industrialized countries. There are conservative and surgical forms of treatment for OSA; however, the pathophysiology is largely unexplained and cannot be explained by anatomical abnormalities alone. In recent years, a number of non-anatomical factors have been found that favor the development of OSA. These include the respiratory excitation threshold (arousals), the respiratory drive (loop gain), as well as the control and function of the muscular upper airway dilators. The understand...
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9TA06718C, PaperKang Chen, Jingnan Wu, yanan wang, Qing Guo, Qiaoyun Chen, tiantian cao, Xia Guo, Yi Zhou, Ning Chen, Maojie Zhang, Yongfang Li Solution-processed perovskite films inevitably have a number of ionic defects, regarded as non-radiative recombination center, which limits the overall efficiency and the stability of perovskite solar cells (Pero-SCs). Passivation of... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Conclusions: STAE is a safe, effective and minimally invasive method in emergency treatment of ARH. PMID: 31432743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TnI and copeptin improves AMI diagnostic performance in patients with early-onset chest pain in an ED setting. PMID: 31432633 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionFor more than a decade transarterial EVOH embolization has established as the first-line treatment for cranial dAVFs with high cure rates and low rates of complications and recurrences. Additional neurosurgical therapy is rarely required for curative treatment.
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Irene Kocolas, Wendy Hobson, Ameet Daftary, Marta King, James F. Bale
Authors: Wang Y, Yang P, Zhang B, Ding Y, Lei S, Hou Y, Guan X, Li Q Abstract Alcohol consumption causes liver steatosis in humans. Metabolic disorders of lipids are one of the factors that cause liver steatosis in hepatocytes. Hepatic Niemann‑Pick C1‑like 1 (NPC1L1) regulates lipid homeostasis in mammals. The relationship between NPC1L1 and autophagy in those with a history of alcohol abuse is unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the function of NPC1L1 in the activation of hepatic autophagy in a mouse model with a human (h)NPC1L1 transgene under alcohol feeding conditions. The mice expressing hNPC1L...
In conclusion, the results of the present study indicated that miR‑124‑3p downregulation protected against AMI via inhibition of inflammatory responses and the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes by regulating the NKRF/NF‑κB pathway. PMID: 31432169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsMulti-method assessment is vital in understanding sleep problems in children with ASD. Broad estimates of quantity of sleep do not necessarily describe the difficulties experienced. Using questionnaires in addition to objective measurement may be a means to understand sleep problems in children with ASD and to an improved understanding of their impact.
Publication date: September 2019Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine, Volume 74, Issue 3Author(s): Dan Mayer