New technology in nutrition research and practice
Technological advances bring new opportunities for scientific research to aid our understanding of human mechanisms. This enables researchers and practitioners to build on traditional methods using different assessment tools to advance research and give the most appropriate advice to patients. One area which has seen particular advancement is nutrigenomics; the study of how diet and nutrients affect gene expression. This includes analysis of mRNA, proteins and metabolites and can be used as a research tool to study the physiological effects of nutrition. This is key in understanding how nutrition can effect health and disease. Nutrigenomics technology is an emerging science which allows complex biomarkers to be analysed and may lead to developing new biomarkers for health. However, caution must be taken to ensure that that the data collected is integrated, validated and meaningful. Wearable and mobile phone technologies have seen vast advances in recent years which allows for continuous collection of biometric data. This can reduce participant burden and provide more accurate, consistent data for a variety of health measures. A recent study using wearable activity monitors carried out by The Nutrition Society Cuthbertson Medal winner, Dr James Betts, reported that participants who ate breakfast, expanded more energy during the day through involuntary movements, such as fidgeting, than breakfast abstainers. This data woul...
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): V. Saravanan, S.S. Murugan, T.S. Kumaravel
Publication date: June–July 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, Volumes 854–855Author(s):
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Trends in GeneticsAuthor(s): David S. Wendler
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Gene Expression PatternsAuthor(s): Roberto Rodríguez-Morales, Viveca Vélez-Negrón, Aranza Torrado-Tapias, Gaurav Varshney, Martine Behra
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)Author(s): J.J. Hijona Elósegui, A.L. Carballo García, A.C. Fernández Risquez, M. Bermúdez Quintana, J.F. Expósito Montes
In this study, cynomolgus macaque UGT3A1, UGT3A2, and UGT8A1 cDNAs were isolated and characterized. Amino acid sequences deduced from cynomolgus UGT3A1, UGT3A2, and UGT8A1 cDNAs were highly identical with their human orthologs (93, 96, and 99%, respectively) and were closely clustered in a phylogenetic tree. In the genome, cynomolgus UGT3A and UGT8A genes were located in the regions corresponding to those of their human orthologs. Among the 10 tissue types analyzed, expression of cynomolgus UGT3A1 and UGT3A2 mRNAs was detected in liver, kidney, and testis; the UGT3A1 and UGT3A2 mRNAs were most abundant in liver and testis,...
Publication date: October 2020Source: Safety Science, Volume 130Author(s): Fei Tang, Zunxin Zhao, Kun Zhao
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2020Source: Safety ScienceAuthor(s): Paul Lindhout, Genserik Reniers
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: Safety and Health at WorkAuthor(s): Saija Hyvönen, Jouni Lohi, Tamara Tuuminen
Publication date: November 2020Source: Urology Case Reports, Volume 33Author(s): Gina T. Baaklini, Misty J. Thompson, Kevin J. Krauland, Daniel R. Walker, Steven J. Hudak