Heat shock factor 1 induces Crystallin-αB to protect against cisplatin nephrotoxicityα.

Heat shock factor 1 induces Crystallin-αB to protect against cisplatin nephrotoxicityα. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2016 May 18;:ajprenal.00201.2016 Authors: Lou Q, Hu Y, Ma Y, Dong Z Abstract Cisplatin, a wildly used chemotherapy drug, induces nephrotoxicity that is characterized by renal tubular cell apoptosis. In response to toxicity, tubular cells can activate cytoprotective mechanisms, such as heat shock response. However, the role and regulation of heat shock response in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity remain largely unclear. Here we demonstrate the induction of Heat shock factor 1 (Hsf1) and the small heat shock protein Crystallin-αB (CryAB) during cisplatin nephrotoxicity in mice. Consistently, cisplatin induced Hsf1 and CryAB in cultured renal tubular RPTC cells. RPTC cells underwent apoptosis during cisplatin treatment, which was increased when Hsf1 was knocked down. Transfection or restoration of Hsf1 into Hsf1-knockdown cells suppressed cisplatin-induced apoptosis, further supporting a cytoprotective role of Hsf1 and its associated heat shock response. Moreover, Hsf1 knockdown increased Bax translocation to mitochondria and cytochrome c release into cytosol. In RPTC cells, Hsf1-knockdown led to a specific down-regulation of CryAB. Transfection of CryAB into Hsf1-knockdown cells diminished their sensitivity to cisplatin-induced apoptosis, suggesting that CryAB may be a key mediator of the cytoprotective effect of Hsf1. Toget...
Source: Am J Physiol Renal P... - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research

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