Estrogen modulation of calretinin and BDNF expression in midbrain dopaminergic neurons of ovariectomised mice

Publication date: Available online 19 May 2016 Source:Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy Author(s): Hongliang Yii, Xiaohang Bao, Xiaotong Tang, Xiaotang Fan, Haiwei Xu Estrogen attenuates the loss of dopamine neurons from the substantia nigra in animal models of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and excitatory amino-acid induced neurotoxicity by interactions with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and calretinin (CR) containing dopaminergic (DA) neurons. To examine this interaction more closely, we treated the ovariectomised (OVX) mice with estrodial for 10 days, and compared these mice to those OVX mice injected with the vehicle or control mice. Estrogen treatment in OVX mice had significantly more tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) positive neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Dopamine transporter (DAT) mRNA and BDNF mRNA levels in the midbrain were also significantly increased by estrogen treatment (P<0.05). OVX markedly decreased the number of TH/CR double stained cells in the SNpc (P <0.05), a trend which could be reversed by estrogen treatment. However, the number of GFAP positive cells in the substantia nigra, did not show significant changes (P >0.05) after vehicle or estrodial treatment. Furthermore, we found that estrogen treatment abrogated the OVX-induced decrease in the phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), but not p-ERK. We hypothesize that short-term treatment with estrogen confers neuroprotection to DA neurons by increasing CR in the DA neurons...
Source: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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