Common genotypes and treatment outcomes of hcv infection among ethiopian patients: a prospective study.

CONCLUSION: This study indicates that genotype 4 is the prevalent HCV genotype followed by 1, 2, and 3 among Ethiopian patients. Treatment with interferon and ribavirin was well tolerated and provided a very good response. PMID: 27191024 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: This novel TJP2 variant is associated with PFIC4 causing severe liver disease with cirrhosis and primary liver cancer in adolescents/adults. PMID: 32089630 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Sticova E, Jirsa M Abstract ATP-binding cassette (ABC) subfamily B member 4 (ABCB4), also known as multidrug resistance protein 3 (MDR3), encoded by ABCB4, is involved in biliary phospholipid secretion, protecting hepatobiliary system from deleterious detergent and lithogenic properties of the bile. ABCB4 mutations altering canalicular ABCB4 protein function and expression may have variable clinical presentation and predispose to several human liver diseases. Well-established phenotypes of ABCB4 deficit are: progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3, gallbladder disease 1 (syn. low phospholipid ...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Abstract The HEV is a known cause of water-borne outbreaks of acute non-A non-B hepatitis in developing countries, which affects young people and may result in high mortality in pregnant women. In recent decades, however, HEV genotypes 3 and 4 have been known as a cause of sporadic zoonotic infections in older males from swine HEV worldwide. Most acute HEV infections are self-limited. On the other hand, in immunosuppressed patients, including solid organ transplant recipients, chronic HEV infections may exist and progress to liver cirrhosis or decompensation. Therefore, physicians need to recognize HEV as a major ...
Source: Korean J Gastroenter... - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Korean J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Ploss Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a small quasi-enveloped, (+)-sense, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the Hepeviridae family. There are at least 20 million HEV infections annually and 60,000 HEV-related deaths worldwide. HEV can cause up to 30% mortality in pregnant women and progress to liver cirrhosis in immunocompromised individuals and is, therefore, a greatly underestimated public health concern. Although a prophylactic vaccine for HEV has been developed, it is only licensed in China, and there is currently no effective, non-teratogenic treatment. HEV encodes three open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1 is the lar...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: A significant proportion of pregnant women have anti-HBs while the seroprevalence of HCV is low among pregnant women in the city of Mwanza. Routine screening of HBV among pregnant women coupled with appropriate management should be emphasized in developing countries. Further studies to determine seroprevalence of HCV are recommended across the country. PMID: 31316835 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Sven Pischke Every year, there are an estimated 20 million hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections worldwide, leading to an estimated 3.3 million symptomatic cases of hepatitis E. HEV is largely circulating in the west and is associated with several hepatic and extrahepatic diseases. HEV Genotype 1 and 2 infections are waterborne and causative for epidemics in the tropics, while genotype 3 and 4 infections are zoonotic diseases and are mainly transmitted by ingestion of undercooked pork in industrialized nations. The clinical course of these infections differs: genotype 1 and 2 infection can cause acute illness and can lead...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewChronic HBV (CHB) remains a global public health problem with over 257 million people chronically infected worldwide. Without appropriate management, 20% of individuals infected with CHB will die from complications of cirrhosis, liver failure, or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Despite an effective vaccination to prevent infection, HBV has yet to be successfully eradicated globally. Current treatments can only control and suppress the virus but cannot cure. Updates in the management of chronic HBV will be reviewed, including latest treatments and treatment strategies as well as potential curative t...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 5Author(s): Vasin Vasikasin, Thanawith Rojdumrongrattana, Worayon Chuerboonchai, Thanawhan Siriwiwattana, Wittaya Thongtaeparak, Suchada Niyasom, Nawarat Lertliewtrakool, Sitawee Jitsiri, Dhitiwat ChangpradubSummaryBackgroundDengue is a common cause of acute liver failure in tropical countries. Paracetamol is the recommended antipyretic for dengue. Related observational studies in dengue have suggested that excessive paracetamol intake is related to hepatic injury. We aimed to evaluate whether standard dose paracetamol as an antipyretic in dengue i...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion Figure 4 shows that the 27 different molecular defects within the ALB so far reported to cause CAA are located in ten different exons (1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12) and in seven different introns (1, 2, 3, 6, 10, 11, and 12) (The Albumin Website, 2018; Caridi et al., 2019). Variations in the last two coding exons (13 and 14) would probably cause the presence of a circulating C-terminal variant of the protein and not CAA. The first twelve exons of ALB, with the exception of the two shortest, exons 2 and 6, were reported to contain at least one molecular defect resulting in CAA (The Albumin Website, 2018; ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: In Mongolia, the prevalence of H. pylori resistance is high requiring bismuth quadruple therapy or susceptibility-based therapy to obtain acceptable cure rates. Introduction As in most developing countries, the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is high in Mongolia (Nyamdavaa, 2013) with reported prevalence ranging of 80% among adults (Matsuhisa et al., 2015; Khasag et al., 2018), 64% among adolescents, and 65 and 100% among pediatric patients with gastric comorbidity (Go, 2013). Gastric cancer is a common problem in Mongolia; an age-standardized rate of 33.1 per 100,000, which is the second hi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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