Visceral leishmaniasis from an area previously not known to be endemic; dangur, benshangul-gumuz, regional state, northwest ethiopia: a case report.

VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS FROM AN AREA PREVIOUSLY NOT KNOWN TO BE ENDEMIC; DANGUR, BENSHANGUL-GUMUZ, REGIONAL STATE, NORTHWEST ETHIOPIA: A CASE REPORT. Ethiop Med J. 2016 Jan;54(1):33-6 Authors: Abera A, Tasew G, Degu A, Almneh M, Mulugeta A, Aseffa A, Gadisa E Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a ftial and growing public health problem in Ethiopia. VL is recently reported outside the major endemic foci, the lowlands in the northwest and the Omo and Abaroba-plain, Segen and Woito valleys in the southwest. Here, we report a visceral leishmaniasis case from Benishangul-Gumuz Regional state near the Guba area. The patient had no history of travel to known VL endemic areas. The patient is a temporary farm laborer from West Go'jam Zone, Wanbermna District in Amhara Regional State. While in Benishangul-Gumuz, the patient was diagnosed with prolonged and intermittentfever, epistaxis, splenomegaly, skin pallor, diarrhea, cough and oedema. Laboratory diagnosis results showed that he had marked leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia. The patient was suspected of having VL and checked with rK39 immunochromnatography and direct agglutination tests which were positive for anti leishmanial antibodies. After getting full dose of sodium stibogluconate as per the national visceral leishmaniasis treatment guideline, was clinically cured. As the area in Benshangul-Gumuz where this patient contracted visceral leishmaniasis is under social and ecological transformation wit...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated lower than expected seroprotection against measles among vaccinated children. Understanding the factors that affect host immunity to measles will aid in developing more efficient and effective immunization programs in DRC. PMID: 32057333 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
In conclusion, the synergy between the antioxidant properties of Laban and the possible decrease of vicine and convicine concentrations by lactobacillus found in the fermented dairy products could explain the ability of Laban to reduce the hemolysis crisis ex vivo. PMID: 32051767 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Hridesh Mishra, Byron W P Reeve, Zaida Palmer, Judy Caldwell, Tania Dolby, Charissa C Naidoo, Jennifer G Jackson, Samuel G Schumacher, Claudia M Denkinger, Andreas H Diacon, Paul D van Helden, Florian M Marx, Robin M Warren, Grant TheronSummaryBackgroundXpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Ultra) is a new test for tuberculosis undergoing global roll-out. We assessed the performance of Ultra compared with Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) in an HIV-endemic setting where previous tuberculosis is frequent and current test performance is suboptimal.Method...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Heart &LungAuthor(s): Gianfranco Sanson, Cecilia Marino, Andrea Valenti, Umberto Lucangelo, Giorgio BerlotAbstractBackgroundPatients discharged from intensive care units (ICUs) are at risk for adverse events (AEs). Establishing safe discharge criteria is challenging. No available criteria consider nursing complexity among risk factors.ObjectivesTo investigate whether nursing complexity upon ICU discharge is an independent predictor for AEs.MethodsProspective observational study. The Patient Acuity and Complexity Score (PACS) was developed to measure nursing com...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified docetaxel, oxaliplatin, capecitabine (DOC) combination chemotherapy, followed by maintenance capecitabine as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. Treatment consisted of docetaxel 35 mg/m2 (days 1–8), l-OHP 85 mg/m2 (day 1), and capecitabine 750 mg/m2 twice daily (days 1–14), every 3 weeks. After six cycles of DOC, patients who did not progress received maintenance treatment with three-weekly capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 twice daily (days 1–14...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clinical Reports Source Type: research
Authors: Oo TH Abstract Pernicious anemia (PA), the commonest cause of cobalamin deficiency (CD) in the world, is an autoimmune disease of multifactorial origin and is characterized by chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and defective absorption of cobalamin from the terminal ileum due to interference by the intrinsic factor (IF) antibodies. PA-related CD is a lengthy process, which if untreated, can lead to irreversible hematological and neurological sequelae. Although safe and effective therapy is available and the management of PA is straightforward, the diagnosis of PA can be extremely difficult to obtain due to m...
Source: Discovery Medicine - Category: Research Tags: Discov Med Source Type: research
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
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Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
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