Diagnosis and Management of Alopecia in Children

Alopecia in childhood is a source of high concern, frustration, and anxiety. Delineating types of alopecia and those that are chronic or potentially related to underlying medical problems is important. There are 5 common types of hair loss in children: alopecia related to tinea capitis, alopecia areata spectrum/autoimmune alopecia, traction alopecia, telogen effluvium, and trichotillomania/trichotillosis. Hair-cycle anomalies including loose anagen syndrome can lead to sparse-appearing hair. Rarer reasons for alopecia in children include pressure-induced alopecia, alopecia related to nutritional deficiency or toxic ingestion, and androgenetic alopecia. Congenital lesions should be considered for areas of localized alopecia occurring at birth.
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Malaysian Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Malays J Pathol Source Type: research
Authors: Abedi B, Reardon S, Winters KC, Lee S Abstract The present study used data from a randomized controlled trial on brief interventions with adolescents to identify distinct longitudinal patterns of substance use and identify predictors, as well as outcomes associated with those use patterns. Data were originally collected for the purpose of evaluating two brief intervention conditions with adolescents who had been identified in a school setting as abusing alcohol or other drugs (total sample, N = 315). Adolescents were randomly assigned to a two-session adolescent only brief intervention (BI-A), a two-sessio...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research
Authors: Ben Thabet J, Ellouze AS, Ghorbel N, Maalej M, Yaich S, Omri S, Feki R, Zouari N, Zouari L, Dammak J, Charfi N, Maalej M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Internet addiction, a relatively new phenomenon, is a field of recent research in mental health, particularly within young populations. It seems to interact with several individual and environmental factors. OBJECTIVES: We aim to spot internet addiction in a Tunisian adolescent population, and to study its relationship with personal and family factors, as well as with anxious and depressive comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 253...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study with propensity-matched cohorts showed that cannabinoid use was associated with higher pain scores and a poorer quality of sleep in the early postoperative period in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery. PMID: 31425232 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
Authors: Theodoropoulou S, Gialouris AG Abstract Brain is an organ with the highest lipid concentration in the body. Cellular membrane lipids can affect both the positioning and the functioning of membrane proteins, thus regulating several cell actions. Changes in the lipid composition of cell membrane can modulate the microenvironment and consequently the function of its proteins, e.g. neurotransmission. Some of the first studies on the subject have shown a negative correlation between serum cholesterol levels and depression, suicidality and behavioral disorders. Several studies -but not all- have found decreased ...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research
Authors: Peltekis A, Koulentianou M Abstract Despite the large progress during the last decades in the medical treatment of HIV/AIDS infection, people living with HIV nevertheless face multiple adversities at various levels of their lives. Mental disorders, in particular, are the most common comorbidities in HIV infection with negative consequences in adherence to antiretroviral medication, disease progress and overall quality of life. HIVrelated stigma, still quite intense in Greece, is one of the most debilitating factors concerning people's living with HIV mental health. The present study looked at the clinical ...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research
Introduction: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA), a clinical variant of lichen planopilaris, is characterized by progressive, scarring hair loss of the frontal hairline and eyebrows. The prevalence of FFA is increasing worldwide and it is considered a dermatologic “emergency. ” FFA’s pathogenesis is currently unknown.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Background: Hair loss in black women is common; however,>70% do not see a dermatologist. Whether this is due to consumer driven choice, lack of awareness, or other socioeconomic issues remains elusive. Our aims of this study is to understand where black women receive information for treating hair loss and to evaluate their perception of dermatologists regarding treatment of hair loss.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Background: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is a prevalent and devastating condition. It affects up to 40% of women and can have well established negative impacts on quality of life and overall mental health. Without adequate treatment, women with hair loss can lose up to 1/6 of the hair in 10 years. The development and understanding of new treatment options and existing products is critical to patients. Minoxidil is the only FDA approved topical treatment for FPHL. Here, we present new findings regarding the impact of different patient characteristics on the treatment efficacy of minoxidil in women with hair loss.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Introduction: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and psoriasis have been linked to cardiovascular disease. There is currently a deficiency in the literature regarding the prevalence of clinically important cardiovascular diseases that arise in patients with HS in a United States population. We sought to determine the odds of stroke, coronary artery disease (CAD), heart failure (HF), and peripheral artery disease (PAD) in patients with HS compared with patients with psoriasis and controls.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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