Non-invasive brain stimulation in neurology : Transcranial direct current stimulation to enhance cognitive functioning.

[Non-invasive brain stimulation in neurology : Transcranial direct current stimulation to enhance cognitive functioning]. Nervenarzt. 2016 May 11; Authors: Antonenko D, Flöel A Abstract Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been successfully used in neuroscientific research to modulate cognitive functions. Recent studies suggested that improvement of behavioral performance is associated with tDCS-induced modulation of neuronal activity and connectivity. Thus, tDCS may also represent a promising tool for reconstitution of cognitive functions in the context of memory decline related to Alzheimer's disease or aphasia following stroke; however, evidence from randomized sham-controlled clinical trials is still scarce. Initial results of tDCS-induced behavioral improvement in patients with Alzheimer's dementia and its precursors indicated that an intense memory training combined with tDCS may be effective. Early interventions in the stage of mild cognitive impairment could be crucial but further evidence is needed to substantiate this. In patients with aphasia following stroke tDCS was applied to the left and right hemispheres, with varying results depending on the severity of the symptoms and polarity of the stimulation. Patients with mild aphasia can benefit from tDCS of the language dominant hemisphere while in patients with severe aphasia tDCS of right hemispheric homologous brain language areas may be particularly relevant. Moreover, rec...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

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Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology Commentary Source Type: news
Date: Tuesday, 12 03, 2019; Speaker: Leonardo Cohen, M.D. , Chief, Human Cortical Physiology and Neurorehabilitation Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Amphitheater
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Maria Julieta Mateos, Alfonso Gastelum Strozzi, Fernando A. Barrios, Ernesto Bribiesca, Sarael Alcauter, Jorge Marquez FloresAbstractA voxel-based method for measuring sulcal width was developed, validated and applied to a database. This method (EDT-based LM) employs the 3D Euclidean Distance Transform (EDT) of the pial surface and a Local Maxima labeling algorithm. A computational phantom was designed to test method performance; results revealed the method's inaccuracy δ, to range between 0.1 and 0.5 voxels, for a width that varied betwe...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Vincenzo Tigano1, Giuseppe Lucio Cascini2, Cristina Sanchez-Castañeda3, Patrice Péran4 and Umberto Sabatini5* 1Department of Juridical, Historical, Economic and Social Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy 2Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy 3Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain 4ToNIC, Toulouse NeuroImaging Center, Université de Toulouse, Inserm, UPS, Toulouse, France 5Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Ita...
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Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Aging and Dementia: Biomarkers Source Type: research
This article does not include any meta-analysis and aims simply at providing a comprehensive overview of the raw data reported in this field to date, as an aid to researchers.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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