Low birthweight linked to higher mortality right up to adolescence

Act against risk factors for low birthweight, to reduce numbers of vulnerable babiesRelated items from OnMedicaDaily iron supplement during pregnancy improves birthweightLow birthweight linked with infertility later in lifeCannabis use in pregnancy linked to low birthweight and intensive careBreastfeeding could cut children’s leukaemia riskFoetal alcohol syndrome must be better recognised
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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In conclusion, prenatal and recent MeHg exposure had no consistent pattern of associations to support the hypothesis that they are adversely associated with heart rate variability in this study population that consumes large amounts of fish.
Source: Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Intensive outpatient programs are efficacious alternatives to treat AUD in veterans, although the role of pharmacological treatment is not completely elucidated. Glutamatergic agents appear to be less effective than opiate antagonists to prevent relapse to heavy drinking and to increase cumulative abstinence. Future studies should examine novel pharmacological and nonpharmacological options. PMID: 31117905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Benzodiazepine monotherapy is utilized in nearly 1 in 10 patients treated for depression. Adults aged 45 to 65 years, patients prescribed opioids, patients seen by primary care providers, and those with underlying anxiety, epilepsy, or pulmonary disorders are at highest risk. PMID: 31120203 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsHuman IGF-1 gene may be a candidate gene for GDM and T2DM risk, as our study suggests a significant association between the IGF-I rs35767 and rs5742612 polymorphisms and the risk of T2DM and GDM in pregnant women, whereas there was no association for rs2288377.
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Hello, I'm a nursing student here. Ok so I have been doing some research on epilepsy for a presentation in class. On of the subtopics is seizures in relation to alcohol. I have been asking this question as well as trying to search this question and cannot get any solid answer. Every answer is different and everyone claims their answer is correct. The question is, is it possible for someone to have a seizure while drinking alcohol? I am NOT referring to withdrawal because everyone immediately... Alcohol and Seizures?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Neurology Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Obstetrics &GynaecologyAuthor(s): Maria Emilia SolanoAbstractDuring human pregnancy, trophoblast cells, the main cellular component of the placenta invades deeply into uterine blood vessels and the modified endometrium (decidua). Hence, the maternal immune system must adapt: successful pregnancy requires the tolerance of genetically different (allogenic) cells while the mother’s immune competence is maintained. This tolerance is ensured through multiple overlapping and occasionally redundant innate and adaptive immune mecha...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Paladini D, Donarini G, Conti A, Constanza De Angelis L, Witte MH, Genesio R, Bernas M, Bellini T, Boccardo F, Ramenghi LA, Bellini C Abstract The aim of this study is to assess whether early cervical lymphatic obstruction is associated with a sonographically detectable dilatation of the ventricular system in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. In particular, the objective is to assess whether fetuses with non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF), cystic hygroma, or enlarged nuchal translucency (NT) have a greater atrial width/biparietal diameter (AW/BPD) ratio than normal at time of the combined first trimester scre...
Source: Lymphology - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Lymphology Source Type: research
Authors: Chillo P, Ismail A, Sanyiwa A, Ruggajo P, Kamuhabwa A Abstract Background: Hypertensive retinopathy is a known marker of cardiovascular disease, and among unselected patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) more severe retinopathy has been associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). This association has, however, not been widely studied among nondiabetic hypertensive patients with CKD, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of hypertensive retinopathy and its relationship with eGFR among nondiabetic CKD patients seen at Muhimbili Nationa...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research
The U.S. diagnostic market celebrated three regulatory firsts last week.  1. FDA Authorizes Marketing of First Zika Test Until now, tests for detecting Zika virus immunoglobulin (IgM) antibodies in blood were only authorized for emergency use under FDA's Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) authority. On Thursday, the agency said it has authorized marketing of the ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA under the agency's traditional premarket authority. The test is manufactured by InBios International. “At the onset of the Zika virus outbreak, when little was known about the disease or how...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Regulatory and Compliance IVD Source Type: news
The number of infants born with HIV in the United States has decreased for years, approaching the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s incidence goal for eliminating perinatal HIV transmission. We reviewed recent literature on perinatal HIV transmission in the United States. Among perinatally HIV-exposed infants (whose mothers have HIV, without regard to infants’ HIV diagnosis), prenatal and natal antiretroviral use has increased, maternal HIV infection is more frequently diagnosed before pregnancy and breast-feeding is uncommon. In contrast, mothers of infants with HIV are tested at a lower rate for HI...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV Reports Source Type: research
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