Decreased Ovarian Reserve in HIV-Infected WomenDecreased Ovarian Reserve in HIV-Infected Women

HIV-positive women are more prone to be infertile than their HIV-negative counterparts. Read how HIV infection affects ovarian reserve. AIDS
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV/AIDS Journal Article Source Type: news

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Tristate Heart and Vascular Centre in Nigeria. Credit: Tristate Heart and Vascular CentreBy Pavithra Rao, Africa Renewal*NEW YORK, Sep 28 2017 (IPS)In the 2017 World Happiness Report by Gallup, African countries score poorly. Of the 150 countries on the list, the Central African Republic, Tanzania and Burundi rank as the unhappiest countries in the world. Some of the factors driving unhappiness are the poor state of the continent’s health care systems, the persistence of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, and the growth of lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, heart disease and diabetes.Few African countries make...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Featured Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
Conclusion: We think that exposures to hazardous substances migrating from FCAs require more attention. We recommend a) limiting the number and types of chemicals authorized for manufacture and b) developing novel approaches for assessing the safety of chemicals in FCAs, including unidentified chemicals that form during or after production. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP644 Received: 10 June 2016 Revised: 08 June 2017 Accepted: 09 June 2017 Published: 11 September 2017 Address correspondence to J. Muncke, Food Packaging Forum, Staffelstrasse 8, 8045 Zurich, Switzerland. Telephone: 41-44-5155255. Email: jane.muncke@fp-fo...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Conclusion: To address the many challenges posed by EDCs, we argue that Africans should take the lead in prioritization and evaluation of environmental hazards, including EDCs. We recommend the institution of education and training programs for chemical users, adoption of the precautionary principle, establishment of biomonitoring programs, and funding of community-based epidemiology and wildlife research programs led and funded by African institutes and private companies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1774 Received: 16 February 2017 Revised: 22 May 2017 Accepted: 24 May 2017 Published: 22 August 2017 Address correspond...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Conclusion: These data indicate that TBBPA, triclosan, and BPA interact in vivo, consistent with evidence that TBBPA and triclosan inhibit enzymes that are critical for BPA and E2 metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1329 Received: 04 November 2016 Revised: 11 April 2017 Accepted: 13 April 2017 Published: 21 August 2017 Address correspondence to D. deCatanzaro, Dept. of Psychology, Neuroscience &Behaviour, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. West, Hamilton ON L8S 4K1, Canada. Telephone: (905) 525-9140, ext. 23014. Email: decatanz@mcmaster.ca Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions People living with HIV/AIDS face discriminatory attitudes to their reproductive rights in northern Nigeria. There is a need for effective, culturally appropriate information, education, and communication approaches to improving community perceptions of sexual and reproductive rights of people living with HIV/AIDS.
Source: Annals of Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Saleem HT, Narasimhan M, Denison JA, Kennedy CE Abstract The recognition and fulfilment of the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of all individuals and couples affected by HIV, including HIV-serodiscordant couples, requires intervention strategies aimed at achieving safe and healthy pregnancies and preventing undesired pregnancies. Reducing risk of horizontal and vertical transmission and addressing HIV-related infertility are key components of such interventions. In this commentary, we present challenges and opportunities for achieving safe pregnancies for serodiscordant couples through a s...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Conclusions: We believe that physician assisted fertility care, when affordably accessible, should be the treatment of choice over natural conception. While the preliminary data on natural conception in couples using highly active anti-retroviral therapy/pre-exposure prophylaxis/timed intercourse appears promising, we believe that this approach should be limited to patients in resource poor settings where more sophisticated measures do not exist or for patients that simply cannot afford subspecialty care. There are likely to be unknown psychological and behavioural factors impacted by promoting natural conception and dimin...
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
Recently I saw a young woman in my clinic for her annual exam. As usual, I asked her if she would like to be tested for sexually transmitted infections, and then we reviewed the “menu” of options: we could collect a swab of her cervix for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomonas, and a PAP smear for human papillomavirus. We could collect blood for HIV, hepatitis C, syphilis, and herpes. We discussed the pros and cons and details of testing — not everyone wants every test. But she cheerfully consented to all of it, and when the results came back positive for chlamydia, she was shocked. “But I had no sym...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Infectious diseases Prevention Sex Sexual Conditions Source Type: blogs
A drug-resistant cluster of gonorrhea infections in Hawaii have health officials worried that the sexually transmitted disease could soon prove untreatable. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced this week that an antibiotic-resistant strain was discovered earlier this year in seven patients in Honolulu. All the individuals ― six men and one woman ― were successfully treated using the CDC-recommended two-drug combination of ceftriaxone and azithromycin. Laboratory tests, however, showed the strain had “decreased susceptibility to ceftriaxone and very high-level resistance to azithromycin,”...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Author Affiliations open 1Western States Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA; 2California Environmental Protection Agency, Oakland, California, USA; 3Collaborative on Health and the Environment, Bolinas, California, USA; 4Science and Environmental Health Network, Ames, Iowa, USA; 5Environmental Medicine Branch, Division of Toxicology and Human Health Sciences, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia, USA PDF Version (3 MB) Summary About This Article Narrative approaches and storytelling are emerging a...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Brief Communication August 2016 Source Type: research
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