What Causes Pelvic Pain?

Discussion Appendicitis results from a closed loop obstruction of a blind-ending tubular structure arising from the cecum. It is a common cause of abdominal pain. It is the most frequent condition leading to emergent abdominal surgery in pediatrics. The combination of obstruction, edema, bacterial overgrowth, increased inflammatory process and increased intraluminal pressure leads to abdominal pain and possibly perforation. Appendicitis occurs in all age groups but is rare in neonates. The peak age is 6-10 years old. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammatory disease of the uterus, fallopian tubes and adjacent pelvic structures caused by ascending microorganisms from the vagina and cervix particularly Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis. Increased risks for PID includes early age at first intercourse, multiple sexual partners, intrauterine device insertion and tobacco smoking. The Centers for Disease Control’s Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Guidelines can be found here. The causes of pelvic pain and abdominal pain necessarily overlap a great deal due to the proximity of anatomic structures as this case illustrates. Acute pelvic pain is defined as 6 months of noncyclic pain that is at the umbilicus or lower. Complete histories and good general physical examinations are important to guide the differential diagnosis. Pelvic examination may or may not be indicated. Laboratory testing especially to determine pregnancy status also helps guide di...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 3 July 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Dorothy Ibifuro Makanjuola, Abdulmohsen Alkushi, Khalid Al Anazi
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2020Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Jacinta E Browne, Krzysztof R Gorny, Nicholas J Hangiandreou, Heidi A. Edmonson, Zaiyang Long, Kathleen R. Brandt, Shannon K Laughlin-Tommaso, Gina K Hesley
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
[Necrotizing fasciitis in the head and neck region-three case reports and a review of the literature]. HNO. 2020 Jul 02;: Authors: Huber L, Budjan J, Rotter N, Lammert A Abstract Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening, usually bacterial, soft tissue infection that rarely affects the head and neck region. Rapid progression and systemic illness are typical for the disease and complicate diagnosis. Immediate surgical and antimicrobial therapy is required. Three cases of cervicofacial NF are presented in this case report. All patients showed a rapidly progressing, painful swelling ...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results support previous studies and help to appraise differences in personality traits between specific groups in a clinical setting. PMID: 32618499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
Conclusions: We demonstrated a workflow for HIFU treatment of the porcine pancreas in-vivo under MRI-guidance. This development bears significance for the development of MR-guided HIFU interventions on the pancreas as the pig is the preferred animal model for the translation of pre-clinical research into clinical application. PMID: 32619373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
Authors: Yan L, Luo Y, Zhang M, Xiao J Abstract Purpose: To compare results in patients treated with additional radiofrequency ablation (RFA) after clinical evaluation or vital volume (Va) increase.Methods: Forty patients with 42 benign thyroid nodules who underwent additional RFA were evaluated in this retrospective study. According to the different indication for additional RFA, 18 patients were divided into Vv increase group (V group) and 22 into clinical evaluation group (C group). Patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 12 months and every 12 months thereafter by conventional ultrasound (US), contr...
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
This study evaluated whether rTMS treatments may be associated with measurable improvements in depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms for treated military beneficiaries in Hawaii suffering from depression. It also examined the number of failed medication trials that patients underwent before rTMS treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 77 rTMS patients who received and completed treatment between January 1, 2010 and October 31, 2016 was performed. Under a typical treatment regimen, patients receive rTMS for 6 weeks as well as weekly psychiatric assessments, which include...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MBCT was effective for treating GAD. PMID: 32611828 [PubMed - in process]
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The Thai version of SMFQ has a high degree of psychometric validity and reliability. PMID: 32611827 [PubMed - in process]
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Abdoli N, Farnia V, Salemi S, Davarinejad O, Ahmadi Jouybari T, Khanegi M, Alikhani M, Behrouz B Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Persian version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y (STAI-Y) among high school students. METHODS: A sample of 492 high school students in Kermanshah city, Iran were randomly selected via multistage sampling. They were asked to complete the STAI-Y and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) to determine the correlation coefficients. Data analysis was performed via descriptive statistics, factor analysis, Cronbach...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research
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