Retrospective study of experience of craniofacial reconstruction

Abstract Reconstruction is a basic task in craniofacial plastic surgery. Different methods must be used to meet the aspirations of surgeons and patients with different defects and deformities. We make a retrospective study of our experience of craniofacial reconstruction. In accordance with 10 years' clinical experience, direct suturing, skin graft transfer, nerve anastomosis, expanded pedicled or random flaps, facial local random flaps, reduction of mandibular fracture and correction of congenital craniofacial deformities were included in this case series. These types of treatment were applied to reconstruct facial defects or deformities according to different circumstances of patients. Directed by rational design and treatment, reconstructive surgery can be executed to treat different cases with different circumstances. A total of 891 different cases with different facial circumstances were treated with different methods: direct suturing (n = 93), skin graft transfer(n = 104), nerve anastomosis (n = 38), expanded pedicled or random flaps(n = 310), facial local random or pedicled flaps(n = 231), reduction of mandibular fracture(n = 112) and correction of congenital craniofacial deformities(n = 13). Reconstructive technique must be directed by reliable methods and special guidelines in Plastic Surgery. Three guidelines are summarised: reconstruction in the first stage and ...
Source: International Wound Journal - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Conclusion: This procedure can be used to effectively solve: curvature of the costal cartilage segment itself; warping of the carved costal cartilage; and effective use of the costal cartilage segment. The procedure has achieved satisfactory outcomes, and its application is worth extending to clinical practice.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
In this study, the authors present the challenges of replantation and management of 2 patients who have total scalp, partial forehead and ear avulsion. A 39-year-old male farmer was admitted to the emergency room with the total scalp, forehead, partial right eyebrow and upper eyelid amputation after his hair was catched by an agricultural machine. Anastomoses of 2 arteries and 2 veins in the occipital region were done first. Anastomosis of the right and left superficial temporal arteries and veins were performed end to end by turning the operating table without moving the head, followed by 1 vein anastomoses in the frontal...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a common complication after cranial surgery. Therefore, after neurosurgical procedures it is crucial to obtain a dural repair that is complete and watertight. There are many techniques that have been described attempting to achieve this goal. However, there are complicating factors (eg, poor tissue viability, need for future radiation, comorbidities, infection, size of the dural defect, multiple operations) that may require a more comprehensive approach to achieve an optimal healing environment. The authors present a technique that uses a muscle free flap to vascularize an autologous fasci...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
The visibility of cartilage grafts underneath the skin is a complication of rhinoplasty particularly in patients with thin nasal skin. Preparing the graft with optimum dimensions, symmetry, and smoothness is crucial for the fine crafting of the cartilage to prevent visibility. The camouflage of the visible cartilage graft with a crushed cartilage, a resected cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage, fascia, connective and/or fatty tissues is another option for hiding the visibility. The nasal tip is the most common location where the graft visibility is of concern. The authors introduce the smoothing of the cartila...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technical Strategies Source Type: research
Conclusion: The authors offer an effective method for surgical treatment of rhinophyma. Excision of hypertrophic nasal tissue is an acknowledged effective treatment for patients with severe rhinophyma. After excision, reconstruction with nasolabial flaps results in satisfactory outcomes both functionally and aesthetically. Therefore, this approach should be considered an appropriate alternative in cases of severe rhinophyma.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Congenital and pediatric nasal lesion resection and their reconstructive outcomes are not well studied. A surgeon must consider the site, size, depth, etiology, age, and effect on future function (including growth). As such, it is important to contrast the differences between the adult's and child's nose. The authors propose that more conservative resection and reconstructive methods may better serve congenital and pediatric nasal lesions. An Internal Review Board approved study of congenital and pediatric nasal lesions using a defect only approach from 2005 to 2017 was performed. Lesions, type of surgeries, complications,...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Bioengineers and dentists from the UCLA School of Dentistry have developed a new hydrogel that is more porous and effective in promoting tissue repair and regeneration compared to hydrogels that are currently available. Once injected in a mouse model, the new hydrogel is shown to induce migration of naturally occurring stem cells to better promote bone healing. Current experimental applications using hydrogels and stem cells introduced into the body or expensive biological agents can come with negative side effects.The findings, published online in the journal Nature Communications, suggest that in the near future the...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
Conclusions: In the first clinical application of this novel skin substitute, safe coverage of skin defects was achieved. Safety and efficacy phase II trials comparing the novel skin substitute to split-thickness skin grafts are ongoing. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia (AHLE) is a rare benign vascular disorder of unknown etiology. While World Health Organization recognizes it as a benign neoplasm, its progressive nature and high recurrence rate are consistent with being a locally malignant tumor. It may present as solitary or multiple nodules with more predilection to head and neck region, especially auricular area. Despite variety of available treatment options, high recurrence rate remains a compelling issue. The spectrum of these treatment modalities includes topical or systemic steroids use, intralesional injection of certain materials such...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
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