Study: Exercise may help treat addiction

Stephen FellerLOS ANGELES, April 27 (UPI) -- Adding exercise to methamphetamine addiction counseling leads to changes in the brain that could help people trying to beat a habit, according to a new study.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Gold S, Figueiro-Filho E, Agrawal S, Selk A Abstract OBJECTIVE: To reduce opioids consumed after discharge from hospital after elective cesarean delivery by 50%. METHODS: This was a two-week parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial at Mount Sinai Hospital. Eligible women undergoing elective cesarean delivery were assigned by random number generation to receive the hospital's standard post-cesarean opioid prescription of 20 1-mg hydromorphone tablets or a prescription for 10 1-mg hydromorphone tablets if opioids were required in hospital or no hydromorphone if no opioids were required in h...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Conditions:   Schizophrenia;   Schizoaffective Disorder;   Schizophreniform Disorders Interventions:   Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation;   Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation);   Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham) Sponsors:   Centre for Addiction and Mental Health;   The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research;   Maryland Psychiatric Research Centre;   National Institutes of Health ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Ordak M, Nasierowski T, Pawlik K, Muszynska E, Bujalska-Zadrozny M Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of the methadone programme in a group of patients taking mephedrone with heroin.Methods: The research involved 230 people who took part in the methadone programme between 2010 and 2019: 101 people on a mephedrone binge and taking heroin and 129 people addicted to heroin.Results: Number of re-hospitalisations was higher in a group of patients on a mephedrone binge taking heroin in comparison to heroin dependent patients (91.9 vs 79.8%, p 
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
(University of Tennessee Health Science Center) A team of University of Tennessee Health Science Center researchers in the College of Medicine recently received a National Institutes of Health (NIH) award to study how genetic differences may explain why some people are more susceptible to opioid addiction than others.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Stimulant drugs, including novel psychoactive substances (NPS, formerly “legal highs”) have addictive potential which their users may not realize. Stimulants increase extracellular dopamine levels in the brain, including the reward and addiction pathways, through interacting with dopamine transporter (DAT). This work aimed to assess the molecular and atomistic mechanisms of stimulant NPS actions at DAT, which translate into biological outcomes such as dopamine release in the brain’s reward pathway. We applied combined in vitro, in vivo, and in silico methods and selected 2-diphenylmethylpiperidine (2-DPMP...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study investigated whether patterns of impulsive decision-making (i) differ between individuals with DSM-5 substance use disorders (SUD) or non-substance-related addictive disorders (ND) and healthy controls, and (ii) predict the increase of SUD and ND severity after one year.MethodsIn a prospective-longitudinal community study, 338 individuals (19 –27 years, 59% female) were included in one of three groups: SUD (n = 100), ND (n = 118), or healthy controls (n = 120). Group differences in four impulsive decision-making facets were analyzed with the Bayesian priors: delay discounting (mean = 0.37, variance = 0.02)...
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Addictive Diseases - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This report examines e-cigarette use among U.S. adults aged 18 and over by selected sociodemographic characteristics and in relation to cigarette smoking status. PMID: 32487293 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NCHS data brief - Category: American Health Tags: NCHS Data Brief Source Type: research
This article provides an overview of evidence-based models of integrated care, discusses the key elements of such models, considers how existing policies have fallen short, and outlines future policy strategies. Priorities include payment policies that adequately support structural elements of integrated care and incentivize multidisciplinary team formation and accountability for patient outcomes, as well as policies to expand the specialty mental health and addiction treatment workforce and address the social determinants of health that disproportionately influence health and well-being among people with mental illness or...
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research
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