12 Mind-Blowing Stats Everyone Should Know About Infertility

Getting pregnant, if at all possible, is a lot harder than most people think. While about 60 percent of couples will conceive without medical assistance within six months of trying, one in eight couples are struggling with infertility issues. Infertility is commonly defined as the inability to get pregnant, or maintain a pregnancy, after adequately trying for 12 months (and in some cases for a full six months) without medical assistance. And while there is still so much we don’t really know about the condition, we do know that age, physical health and lifestyle choices can contribute to a person’s fertility, and we know that infertility affects men and women equally. A couple’s infertility is highly nuanced to the combination of both partners’ bodies, hormones and health issues, but the general fact of the matter is that infertility is a highly overlooked issue unless you are personally dealing with it. In honor of National Infertility Awareness Week, here are 12 statistics that will open your eyes to the condition. 7.4 Million The number of women between 15-44 in the United States who have difficulty getting and staying pregnant. That's 12 percent of all women, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 7.5 The estimated percentage of sexually experienced men who have reported seeing a fertility doctor at least once, the CDC reports.  40 The percentage of struggling couples in which the male partner contributes to...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This study demonstrated that the efficacy of letrozole is not superior to the clomiphene in patients with PCOS.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common metabolic and endocrine disorder in women, leading to infertility. However, there is no general agreement concerning how to diagnose and treat PCOS. The Rotterdam consensus statement from the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology/American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the Chinese diagnostic criteria and consensus statement, and the clinical practice guideline from the Endocrine Society in the USA are widely recognized. Guidance has been provided for clinical practice based on a comparative analysis of the above three practice guideli...
Source: J Zhejiang Univ Sci ... - Category: Science Authors: Tags: J Zhejiang Univ Sci B Source Type: research
ConclusionIn women with PCOS undergoing stimulated IUI, CC, letrozole and gonadotropins were equally effective and safe. Since multi-follicular growth increased the multiple pregnancy rates without increasing the overall live birth rate, ovulation induction would strictly aim for mono-follicular growth. Since letrozole had the highest mono-follicular growth rate, we recommend this drug as the treatment of first choice in infertile women undergoing ovulation induction and IUI.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Vitamin D deficiency in women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remarkably decreases the chance of pregnancy, which might be related to its impact on metabolic abnormalities in these patients. It...
Source: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Overall, the findings of this trial supported that 50,000 IU vitamin D supplementation every other week for 8 weeks had beneficial effects on insulin metabolism, and lipid profile of infertile women with PCOS who are candidate for IVF. These benefits might not be evident upon having sufficient vitamin D levels. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was retrospectively registered in the Iranian website ( www.irct.ir ) for clinical trials registration ( http://www.irct.ir : IRCT20170513033941N27). PMID: 30286768 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In summary, Th1 and Th17 bias and reduction of Treg and Th2 cells as regulators of immune responses might be involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS. These results are suggestive of an altered immune response to inflammatory status in PCOS patients, likely causing some complications such as infertility in these patients. PMID: 30246693 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Iran J Immunol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Tabibnejad N., Soleimani M., A. AflatoonianAbstractObjectivesOocyte parameters as well as embryo developmental kinetics can be applied as non-invasive predictors for selection of viable embryos and clinical outcomes. Time-lapse morphokinetic events in conjunction with zona pellucida birefringence (ZPB) and meiotic spindle visualization (MSV) have been evaluated for predicting pregnancy outcome.Study designWe assessed a total of 547 embryos from 100 intra cytoplasmic sperm injection c...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Letrozole is widely employed as ovulation induction agent in women with PCOS, but its use in mild stimulation (MS) protocols for IVF is limited. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of a MS protocol with letrozole plus hMG in non-obese PCOS women undergoing IVF after a metformin pre-treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 125 non-obese PCOS undergoing MS with letrozole plus hMG, 150 IU as starting dose, (group 1, N = 80) compared to those undergoing a conventional IVF stimulation protocols (CS) (group 2, N = 45) pri...
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
ni ME Abstract Context: There is increasing evidence for MIS/AMH physiologic activity in the human uterus, so it is relevant to study how MIS/AMH levels impact pregnancy. Objective: To investigate the association of MIS/AMH levels with risk of adverse obstetric outcomes. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Academic fertility center. Patients: Women who became pregnant through in vitro fertilization (IVF) between January 2012-October 2016. Exclusion criteria were: oocyte donation, gestational carrier, multiple gestation, miscarriage before 20 weeks, medically indicated preterm deliverie...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate serum and follicular fluid (FF) secreted frizzle-related protein-5 (Sfrp-5) levels in nonobese, nonhyperandrogenic patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), in addition to IVF outcomes. In total, 160 patients undergoing IVF treatment were included in the study: 80 patients diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria (group I, study) and 80 patients with the etiology of male factor infertility (group II, control). There were statistically significant between-group differences in serum estradiol (E2) levels on the day of hCG admi...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
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