Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Exercise Blood Pressure Response and Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Individuals: Differential Impact of Aorta Calcification Compared With Coronary Artery Calcification Preventive Cardiology

Background The structure of the aorta is considered to influence exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP) response, which, in turn, might impact upon adverse outcomes. The current study sought to investigate the relationship of aortic calcification and exercise SBP with adverse outcomes among elderly individuals. Methods and Results We retrospectively reviewed 702 elderly individuals (>65 years of age) without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD; luminal stenosis
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Computerized Tomography (CT) Preventive Cardiology Source Type: research

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In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Inflow malposition during surgery, postoperative pump migration, inflow obstruction, and right ventricular compression are major contributors to low flow and adverse events in patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs). These position abnormalities can lead to adverse events including ischemic stroke. To address these problems, we conducted a virtual anatomical fitting study and hemodynamic simulation on iterative cannula designs, resulting in the EVAHEART 2 with the novel double-cuff tipless (DCT) inflow cannula and smaller pump design. Anatomical fitting was based on computed tomography scans of six patients with he...
Source: ASAIO Journal - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Visceral and intramuscular adiposity were associated with increased CVD incidence after breast cancer diagnosis, independent of pre-existing CVD risk factors and cancer treatments. The increased CVD incidence among normal-weight patients with greater visceral adiposity would go undetected with BMI alone. Measures of adipose tissue distribution may help identify high-risk patients and tailor CVD prevention strategies. PMID: 31369302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Oncol Source Type: research
Joong-Goo Kim1,2, Han-Bin Lee2 and Sang-Beom Jeon2* 1Department of Neurology, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, South Korea 2Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea Objectives: The use of dexmedetomidine and ketamine (DEX–KET) combination for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sedation has not been evaluated. We investigated the efficacy and safety of DEX–KET for sedation of patients undergoing MRI of the brain. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the DEX–KET combination and midazolam for MRI sed...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Sound, rhythm, rate, structure, function – countless features of the heart are measured to keep it healthy for as long as possible. Recently, an army of digital health technologies joined the forces of traditional preventive tools in cardiology to counter stroke, heart attack, heart failure or any other cardiovascular risks. In the future, minuscule sensors, digital twins, and artificial intelligence could strengthen their ranks. Let’s see what the future of cardiology might look like! Fitness trackers, chatbots and A.I. against heart disease Let’s say 36-year-old Maria living in Sao Paulo in 2033 d...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers Portable Diagnostics cardiology cardiovascular cardiovascular diseases digital digital twin health trackers heart heart health heart rate heart soun Source Type: blogs
AbstractInfective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant serious adverse outcomes including death. IE usually presents with diverse clinical picture and syndromic diagnoses including heart failure, stroke, and peripheral embolization. Given variable, vague, and syndromic presentations, the diagnosis of IE may be delayed for days to weeks. Maintaining a high index of suspicion among clinicians is the key to early recognition of the disease and prompt initiation of antimicrobial therapy to prevent IE-associated mortality and morbidity. Blood culture and echocardiography remain essential tools in the diagnosis of in...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
BETHESDA, Md.--BrainScope today announced its second consecutive nomination for the 2018 Annual Prix Galien USA Awards for “Best Medical Technology” product. Its flagship BrainScope One product is a multi-modal, comprehensive, handheld capability to help clinicians objectively and rapidly assess and triage head injured patients directly at the point of care. BrainScope’s innovative technology addresses a vast market need for the global epidemic of mild head injury, which impacts more people each year than stroke and heart failure combined. BrainScope One is the first FDA-cleared medica...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Trauma Product Announcements News Industry News Source Type: news
ConclusionsFor AF patients with low risk of stroke, when MDCT images showed no filling defect in the late phase, TEE prior to catheter ablation can be avoided.Key Points•MDCT can help detect the presence of LAA thrombus.•TEE can be avoided when late-phase MDCT shows no filling defect.•TEE is required in patients whose MDCT images indicate thrombus.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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