Sleep and Mental Health Disorders

Sleep is essential to the maintenance of mental health. Sleep helps to regulate mood and process emotional information and experiences into memory. Insufficient sleep is associated with increased emotional reactivity and emotional disturbance. Research indicates that REM sleep may play an especially significant role in maintaining emotional well-being and psychological balance. Sleep problems occur substantially more frequently in people with psychiatric conditions than in the general population. Often, sleep and mental health disorders exist in bi-directional relationship to each other, with each condition influencing the other. Poor sleep can contribute to the onset and severity of mental health disorders, and mental health problems can create and exacerbate sleep issues. Treating sleep problems may deliver therapeutic help for mental health conditions, just as sleep may improve as mental health disorders are treated. Sleep problems may affect the following conditions: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Sleep problems are associated with ADHD in both children and adults. Children with ADHD are more likely to suffer from daytime tiredness, as well as sleep-disordered breathing. In children, symptoms of sleep deprivation may appear similar to symptoms associated with ADHD. In adults, symptoms of ADHD may appear similar to symptoms of certain sleep disorders, including narcolepsy and hypersomnia. Anxiety Anxiety disorders and sleep problems are frequently present ...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Anxiety Attention Deficit Disorder Bipolar Depression Disorders General Panic Disorder Psychology PTSD Schizophrenia Sleep Adhd Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Bipolar Disorder Emotional Disturbance emotional reactiv Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Gaps in memory and various memory types were common after ICU admission, whose prevalence waned over time. Compared with nightmares and fearful memories, gaps in memories were most strongly associated with poor mental health and quality of life. Identifying patients with gaps in memories might be an objective way of planning interventions to improve their long-term outcomes.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Several anatomical, epidemiologic, and physiologic risk factors for clinically relevant paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity can be identified on ICU admission. These features help characterize paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity as a clinical-pathophysiologic phenotype associated with worse outcomes after traumatic brain injury.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Hello, I usually dislike these posts, but I am having a huge amount fo anxiety regarding this and want to talk more about it with people who might have some honest input. I am an American Med student interested in general surgery (but also very open to OBGYN yet general surgery comes first). I have done great in my preclinicals and then life happened: 1) I really did not do well on my step 1 (literally barely passed so keep that in mind). 2) I failed my Family med shelf. Otherwise I am... Read more
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medical Students (MD) Source Type: forums
WOULD you love to be asleep right now? Did you ever consider that your diet could play a part in how to sleep? Dietician Lola Biggs spoke exclusively to Express.co.uk to reveal sleep-inducing foods.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We investigated the relationships between individual and occupational demographic variables, professional quality of life (i.e., compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress), and affective distress (i.e., depression, anxiety, and stress) in a sample of 524 prelicensed counselors. Using structural equation analysis, we found statistically significant relationships between the professional quality of life and affective distress latent variables. Implications for supporting the needs of prelicensed counselors in supervision are discussed. Study limitations and suggestions for future research are offered.
Source: Journal of Counseling and Development - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Photo credit Aaron Andrew Dear Carol: My dad has dementia, probably Alzheimer’s, and I’m struggling with how to help him. He fights everything that I tell him would make his life easier. I know that assisted living is in his future but I’m trying to care for him in his home for now. How do I convince him that I ​just​ want to help him​ stay safe and his being mad at me for everything I do​ is making this impossible? - SL Continue reading on Inforum for some tips that may help SL manage her dad's care better at home and even in memory care: Minding Our Elders: Caregivers Share Their Personal Storie...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
This study seeks to identify the shared genes and biological pathways between MDD and insomnia based on their shared genetic variants. First, we performed a meta-analysis based on the GWAS summary statistics of MDD and insomnia obtained from Psychiatric Genomics Consortium and UK Biobank, respectively. Next, we associated shared genetic variants to genes using two gene mapping strategies: (a) positional mapping based on genomic proximity and (b) expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) mapping based on gene expression linkage across multiple tissues. As a result, a total of 719 shared genes were identified. Over half (51%...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Montag Molecular mechanisms underlying neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases are insufficiently elucidated. A detailed understanding of these mechanisms may help to further improve medical intervention. Recently, intellectual abilities, creativity, and amnesia have been associated with neuroplastin, a cell recognition glycoprotein of the immunoglobulin superfamily that participates in synapse formation and function and calcium signaling. Data from animal models suggest a role for neuroplastin in pathways affected in neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. Neuroplastin loss or disruption of molecular...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Insufficient sleep duration or quality are associated with various adverse health outcomes. Whereas sleep disorders were studied in a few skin conditions, data in a more comprehensive dermatology population are lacking. We sought to describe the prevalence, causes and consequences of sleep disorders in dermatology patients. In this cross-sectional, single-center study, dermatology patients completed a questionnaire addressing (non-)skin-related health, sleep behavior, causes and consequences of sleep disorders.
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study contributed to the development of the Polish version of the scale (NuDESC PL) which is now used as the Polish screening tool for delirium detection. The availability of an easy-to-use nurse-based delirium instrument is a prerequisite for widespread implementation.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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