Sleep and Mental Health Disorders
Sleep is essential to the maintenance of mental health. Sleep helps to regulate mood and process emotional information and experiences into memory. Insufficient sleep is associated with increased emotional reactivity and emotional disturbance. Research indicates that REM sleep may play an especially significant role in maintaining emotional well-being and psychological balance. Sleep problems occur substantially more frequently in people with psychiatric conditions than in the general population. Often, sleep and mental health disorders exist in bi-directional relationship to each other, with each condition influencing the other. Poor sleep can contribute to the onset and severity of mental health disorders, and mental health problems can create and exacerbate sleep issues. Treating sleep problems may deliver therapeutic help for mental health conditions, just as sleep may improve as mental health disorders are treated. Sleep problems may affect the following conditions: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Sleep problems are associated with ADHD in both children and adults. Children with ADHD are more likely to suffer from daytime tiredness, as well as sleep-disordered breathing. In children, symptoms of sleep deprivation may appear similar to symptoms associated with ADHD. In adults, symptoms of ADHD may appear similar to symptoms of certain sleep disorders, including narcolepsy and hypersomnia. Anxiety Anxiety disorders and sleep problems are frequently present ...
In conclusion, the role of the anesthetist should be to supervise endoscopy activities at every level. PMID: 31808663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative acupuncture at HT7 and ear Shen Men did not reduce PAED scores after myringotomy tube placement. Based on these data, it is therefore unlikely that alarger study of the same design would demonstrate a significant effect of intraoperative acupuncture on emergence delirium after brief sevoflurane anesthesia. However, other acupuncture points or techniques could be considered. PMID: 31808657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Kinga OstrowskaAbstractA number of psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, depression and others CNS diseases are known to induce defects in the function of neural pathways sustained by the neurotransmitters, like dopamine and serotonin. N-arylpiperazine moiety is important for CNS-activity, particularly for serotonergic and dopaminergic activity. In the scientific literature there are many examples of coumarin-piperazine derivatives, particularly with arylpiperazines linked to a coum...
Functional coupling of M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor to Gαq/11 in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex from patients with psychiatric disorders: a postmortem study. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2019 Dec 05;: Authors: Odagaki Y, Kinoshita M, Meana JJ, Callado LF, García-Sevilla JA Abstract Accumulating studies have implicated intracellular signaling through muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) in psychiatric illness. In the present study, carbamylcholine chloride (carbachol)-induced Gαi/o and Gαq/11 activation was identified in postmortem human prefrontal cortical ...
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatally initiated CBT did not improve maternal symptoms or child outcomes among non-help-seeking women with antenatal depression or anxiety. Our findings are not in line with present recommendations for universal screening and treatment for antenatal depression or anxiety, and future work may include the relevance of baseline help-seeking. PMID: 31806071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Physician burnout can be a contributing factor to depression, substance abuse, problems with relationships, and thoughts of suicide. Burnout of physicians also results in decreased quality, safety, and outcomes for patients and more financial costs for health-care institutions. It is not enough for health-care systems to focus on helping the individual; these organizations also need to understand that they are the main cause of physician burnout and take appropriate action to reform their processes.
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North AmericaAuthor(s): Gabriele Sani, Alan C. Swann
ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
ConclusionsSA can be predicted significantly from pre-deployment data, but intervention planning needs to take PPV into consideration.
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Luis Francisco Ramos-Lima, Vitoria Waikamp, Thyago Antonelli Salgado, Ives Calvalcante Passos, Lucia Helena Machado FreitasAbstractEstablishing the diagnosis of trauma-related disorders such as Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have always been a challenge in clinical practice and in academic research, due to clinical and biological heterogeneity. Machine learning (ML) techniques can be applied to improve classification of disorders, to predict outcomes or to determine person-specific treat...
More News: ADHD | Anxiety | Bipolar | Brain | Children | Depression | Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) | Health | Hyperactivity | Hypersomnia | Insomnia | Mania | Men | Narcolepsy | Neurology | Nightmares | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Panic Disorder | Post Traumatic Stress Disorder | Psychiatry | Psychology | Schizophrenia | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine