UA Teams Win Donald Reynolds Business Competition

Drone Surveying Solutions, from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, won the undergraduate division of the 16th annual Donald W. Reynolds Collegiate Business Plan Competition. VivImmune, from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, won the graduate division. The awards were presented Tuesday at the competition's annual luncheon at the Statehouse Convention Center in Little Rock. Each winning team won $25,000 provided by the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. There was a total prize pool of $154,000. Drone Surveying Solutions uses unmanned aerial vehicles to help farmers decrease crop loss, expenses and negative environmental effects. The technology includes a patented spraying device. VivImmune's cancer treatment platform combines immunotherapy with drug delivery. Immunotherapies are a new class of cancer therapies that work by teaching a patient's own body to fight cancer. At the luncheon, the 12 finalist teams in the graduate and undergraduate divisions participated in the AT&T Elevator Pitch competition. The teams delivered 90-second elevators pitches, and the audience voted for the winners via text message. Drone Surveying Solutions and VivImmnue won their divisions, taking home an additional $2,000 each in cash prizes. Erick Chang of Arkansas State University in Jonesboro and April Hearne of Pulaski Technical College in North Little Rock received the third annual C. Sam Walls Entrepreneur Educator Award. Both Chang and Hearne won a cash prize of $2,500; another $2,...
Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care - Category: American Health Source Type: news

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It was over one hundred years ago that immunotherapy for cancer was first explored by Dr William Coley with the intratumoral injection of bacterial extracts that resulted in tumor regression in select cases. The emergence of surgical procedures, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy eventually became the mainstay of cancer therapies and relegated immune treatments as an unfulfilled pipedream. Nevertheless, it has been apparent that the immune system can play a role in tumor biology as evident by cases of spontaneous tumor regression and increased cancer incidence among immunosuppressed patients.
Source: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Preface Source Type: research
In this study, the gut microbiota of 30 LC patients and 30 healthy controls were examined via next-generation sequencing of 16S rRNA and analyzed for diversity and biomarkers. We found that there was no decrease in significant microbial diversity (alpha diversity) in LC patients compared to controls (P observed = 0.1422), while the composition (beta diversity) differed significantly between patients and controls (phylum [stress = 0.153], class [stress = 0.16], order [stress = 0.146], family [stress = 0.153]). Controls had a higher abundance of the bacterial phylum Actinobacteria and genus Bifidobacterium, while patients wi...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our data supports that never/ever smoker patients with small-cell lung cancer have better prognosis compared to their smoker counterparts. Further, patients with never/ever smoking history who present with small-cell lung cancer have a different mutation profile compared with smokers, including a high frequency of EGFR, MET, and SMAD4 mutations. Further studies are required to assess whether the differential mutation profile is a consequence of a diverse pathological mechanism for disease onset. Introduction Lung cancer is the most common neoplasia worldwide. Aside from the high incidence, lung cancer a...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, CAR-T treatment combined with intratumoral delivery of poly I:C resulted in synergistic antitumor activity. We thus provide a rationale to translate this immunotherapeutic strategy to solid tumors. Introduction Adoptive T cell immunotherapy has been demonstrated to be a new way to fight malignancies. In particular, T lymphocytes engineered to express chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) have shown great promise in treating hematological malignancies (1). CD19-targeted CAR-T cells have been approved by FDA to treat relapsed B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and Diffuse Large B-cell lymphoma (DLBC...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study highlights how the use of in vitro 3D model can allow rapid screening and selection of new and safer drugs. Introduction Angiogenesis is a complex and finely regulated process that consists of the growth of new capillary blood vessels from pre-existing vessels to create communication pathways among tissues. The coordination of different activities such as endothelial cell proliferation and migration, metalloproteinase function, integrin expression and pericyte stabilization is essential for angiogenesis (Folkman, 1984). The “angiogenic switch” is “on” when the balance between pro-...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, T cells deficient in TRAF6 display enhanced T cell activation, CD28-indpendent stimulation and resistance to Treg cell-mediated suppression (176). Although TLR signaling can promote T cell resistance to Treg cells, the precise molecular mechanism remains yet to be elucidated. It is worth noting that TLR stimulation of T cells increases cytokine production (173, 177), thus future studies should delineate the effect of TLR-MyD88 signaling vs. subsequently induced cytokines in generating resistance to Treg cells. Lastly, it is also crucial to evaluate the effect of TLR signaling on regulatory T cells which also...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
erger The Hedgehog/Glioma-associated oncogene homolog (HH/GLI) signaling pathway regulates self-renewal of rare and highly malignant cancer stem cells (CSC), which have been shown to account for the initiation and maintenance of tumor growth as well as for drug resistance, metastatic spread and relapse. Efficacious therapeutic approaches targeting CSC pathways, such as HH/GLI signaling in combination with chemo, radiation or immunotherapy are, therefore, of high medical need. Pharmacological inhibition of HH/GLI pathway activity represents a promising approach to eliminate malignant CSC. Clinically approved HH/GLI path...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractThe increasing use of multiple immunomodulatory (IMD) agents for cancer therapies (e.g. antibodies targeting immune checkpoints, bispecific antibodies, and chimeric antigen receptor [CAR]-T cells), is raising questions on their potential immunogenicity and effects on treatment. In this review, we outline the mechanisms of action (MOA) of approved, antibody-based IMD agents, potentially related to their immunogenicity, and discuss the reported incidence of anti-drug antibodies (ADA) as well as their clinical relevance in patients with cancer. In addition, we discuss the impact of the administration route and potenti...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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