A case of eosinophilic bronchiolitis complicated with bronchial asthma and chronic eosinophilic pneumonia.

A CASE OF EOSINOPHILIC BRONCHIOLITIS COMPLICATED WITH BRONCHIAL ASTHMA AND CHRONIC EOSINOPHILIC PNEUMONIA. Arerugi. 2016;65(2):134-7 Authors: Sakai H, Kadowaki M, Honjou C, Morikawa M, Anzai M, Umeda Y, Ameshima S, Ishizuka T Abstract A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of wheezing and dyspnea. Chest computed tomography showed ground-glass opacity and some centrilobular nodules. Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia complicated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection was diagnosed on the basis of bronchoalveolar lavage eosinophilia and blood findings. However, based on the clinical course, the patient was suspected to have eosinophilic bronchiolitis. This case suggests the possibility that eosinophilic inflammation can occur concomitantly in the central airway and distal airway. PMID: 27086960 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Allergology International - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research

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This study also demonstrates that HRV infection upregulates PAD2 protein expression, and increases levels of protein citrullination, including histone H3, in human bronchial epithelial cells. Increased PADI gene expression and HDP citrullination during infection may represent a novel viral evasion mechanism, likely applicable to a wide range of pathogens, and should therefore be considered in the design of therapeutic peptide derivatives.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This article reviews the available literature on the field of RSV disease severity and discusses important factors associated to susceptibility and different disease outcome.Expert opinion: The severity of RSV-induced illness is a phenomenon that depends on a variety of graded mechanisms of interaction between the host, virus, and environment. This may lead to differences in intensity of immune response in the lung and different courses of the disease. By characterizing, classifying and grading the affecting factors in high-risk patients versus those who do not fall ill by RSV, we may find therapies or point to disease-lim...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Underner M, Peiffer G, Perriot J, Jaafari N Abstract Cocaine can be responsible for many psychiatric and/or somatic disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between cocaine use and pulmonary complications. Cocaine can be responsible for acute respiratory symptoms (cough, black sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain) and for various pulmonary disorders including barotrauma (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumopericardium), airway damage, asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, acute pulmonary edema, alve...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Discussion The respiratory system is a complex system. The upper airways must remain patient. The lower airways must interface with the vascular system. The musculoskeletal system must provide mechanical function and the central nervous system must provide overall control. Respiratory failure occurs when the overall system cannot support the body’s necessarily ventilation, oxygenation or both. Children are at higher risk of respiratory failure. They have few intrinsic lung parenchyma problems, but have very small airways that increase the airflow resistance by themselves but then have to contend with problems such as...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: HBoV can be detected alone and in co-infection respiratory samples of children with an acute respiratory tract infection. A cause-effect relationship between HBoV and respiratory infection is not clear, so further studies are needed to clarify this point. PMID: 31776891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: World J Pediatr Source Type: research
Conclusions: The patterns of viral infections associated wiht the diagnois of ‘asthma’ and ‘wheezing illness’ are largely the same. Proper diagnosis of asthma may lead to proper asthma treatment. Most children with pneumonia were found to have a viral etiologies. Rapid detection of viral infections may help to minimize unnecessary antibiotic prescritption.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric respiratory epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Increased concentrations of a range of ambient air pollutants is associated with increased risk of unscheduled HRU for asthma and pneumonia.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Occupational and environmental health Source Type: research
Conditions:   Respiratory Distress Syndrome;   Pneumonia;   Bronchiolitis;   Croup;   Croup; False;   Asthma;   Bronchial Hyperreactivity Intervention:   Device: Telemedicine Sponsor:   Rijnstate Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Pulmonary cysts are frequently encountered at thoracic computed tomography, often incidentally detected. For patients older than 40 years of age, a few pulmonary cysts found at thoracic computed tomography can be a normal finding. The etiologies of pulmonary cysts are numerous, and cysts should be distinguished from other focal lucent lung lesions, such as the numerous causes of cavitary lung disease, bronchiectasis, honeycombing, and emphysema. When pulmonary cysts are encountered in older children or adult patients, a number of specific disorders, collectively referred to as diffuse cystic lung diseases, merit considerat...
Source: Clinical Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Images in Pulmonary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Academic Pediatrics, Volume 19, Issue 6Author(s): Ripal Patel, Melissa Schafer, Heidi Ochs, John Andrake, John Pires Ervoes, Eric GershonBackgroundBronchiolitis is the number one cause of hospitalization in children under 2 years of age. AAP guidelines emphasize that only supportive care is needed for bronchiolitis. Data obtained from our institution showed poor adherence to AAP guidelines. This project was undertaken with the goal of improving compliance with these guidelines.Aim StatementOur aim was to reduce length of stay (LOS) for admitted low risk patients with bronchiolitis, age ...
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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