Statins side effects are minimal, study argues

ConclusionThis meta-analysis pooled results from 29 studies and has shown a very small increased risk of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus. This is the same as the decreased risk of any cause of death in people taking statins, compared to placebo, to prevent a heart attack or stroke.The researchers point out some limitations to the meta-analysis: Each study did not report on all of the side effects, meaning that for each category of side effect, the number of participants differed. The side effect categories were only included if at least 500 people had reported suffering from it. This means there may be numerous other side effects that were not covered by this research. New onset diabetes was only documented in 3 of the 29 trials, though the numbers were still reasonably large. Many trials do not state clearly how and how often adverse events were assessed. This is particularly important, as it is not clear from this type of analysis how often the side effects were experienced or the severity. Side effects not covered by this review include memory problems, blurred vision, ringing in the ears and skin problems.Anecdotally, muscle aches or weakness is one of the main reasons people stop taking statins. In this review, the category for muscle weakness was only looked at if the person also had a 10-fold increase in creatinine kinase level (indicating muscle damage). Muscle aches were separately recorded, as this is more common and not always experienced alongside muscle we...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart/lungs Medication Source Type: news

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Publication date: August 2019Source: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, Volume 28Author(s): Bianka Karshikoff, Melissa Anne Tadros, Sean Mackey, Ihssane ZouikrToday’s treatment for chronic pain is inadequate, and novel targets need to be identified. This requires a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in pain sensitization and chronification. In this review, we discuss how peripheral inflammation, as occurs during an infection, modulates the central pain system. In rodents, neonatal inflammation leads to increased pain sensitivity in adulthood by priming immune components both peripherally and central...
Source: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Psychother Psychosom
Source: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsFOSL1 is an independent prognostic biomarker of GC. Detecting FOSL1 expression could help stratify GC patients with high-risk and guide the precious treatment.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of IL-6/Stat3 signaling pathway in human endometrial cancer cells invasion and migration. We demonstrated that Stat3 is activated in endometrial cancer cell lines. To investigate the role of Stat3 in endometrial cancer invasive capacity, we used Stat3 inhibitor Stattic and found that Stattic significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of endometrial cancer cells elevated by IL-6. Furthermore, we showed that Stat3 inhibitor significantly decreased the expression of MMP2 enhanced by IL-6, indicating that IL-6 promoted endometrial cancer invasion and migration by Stat3-in...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Xiaobo He, Ying ShuAbstractIncreasing evidence has shown that dysregulation of mircoRNA (miRNA) is linked to the development and progression of human cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). In the current study, by analysing the GEO database (GSE78091), we found that miR-660 was significantly downregulated in GC. Consistently, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results showed that miR-660 was dramatically decreased in GC tissues and cell lines. Importantly, low miR-660 expression was closely related to larger tumor size (P&...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results pointed out that the high expression of miR-106b-5p serves as an independent factor for predicting the worse prognosis of RCC patients.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle SurgeryAuthor(s): J. Randolph Clements, Ajay K. GhaiAbstractDisruption of the plantar plate is a common cause of forefoot pain, metatarsalgia, and metatarsophalangeal joint malalignment. Although surgical repair of the plantar plate has improved, there has been no consensus on the clinical superiority of any single technique, or combination of techniques, described in the literature to date. In this publication, we report a case of plantar plate injury treated with an innovative new technique with 20-month follow-up.
Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We report a case of a 48-year-old female who presented four months following a low-energy trauma with symptoms most consistent with adhesive capsulitis. An MRI demonstrated extensive patchy areas of intramuscular edema-like signal involving the lateral head of the deltoid with associated muscle atrophy, in keeping with a subacute denervation injury. She was diagnosed with quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) and successfully treated with an fluoroscopic-guided corticosteroid injection. At her two-year follow-up, the patient had regained full function and had no lasting symptoms. Non-specific symptoms like ill-defined shoulde...
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Sadikah Behbehani, Tiffany Pham, Katie Kunze, Megan Wasson, Johnny YiABSTRACTStudy ObjectiveTo determine the incidence of a successful in-office voiding trial after minimally invasive hysterectomy.DesignA retrospective cohort study.SettingA tertiary care academic center.PatientsAll patients undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomies (vaginal, laparoscopic, or robotic) from January 2013 to July 2018 who have an unsuccessful voiding trial in the postoperative unit.InterventionsA voiding trial.Measurements and Main ...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In conclusion, clinical presentation at time of diagnosis of brain metastases consistently includes neurologic signs and symptoms with persistent headache being the most common. Endometrial cancer patients that present with new neurologic complaints or exam findings should be evaluated for brain metastases.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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