Abstract A23: Fe en Accion/Faith in Action: Promotion of cancer screening among churchgoing Latinas

Objectives: To present outcomes of a controlled two-group clustered randomized community trial promoting breast, cervical, skin and colorectal cancer screening (CS) among churchgoing Latinas through promotoras (lay health advisors).Design: Sixteen churches were randomly assigned either to the CS or a physical activity (PA) condition. Sixteen promotoras at the 8 CS churches intervened at the individual- (knowledge and beliefs), interpersonal- (social support and sharing personal experiences), organizational- (space at church for program activities), and environmental- (access to health care) levels to affect changes in target behaviors. Approximately 27 women per church were recruited to participate in the study.Measurements: The study's primary outcome was being current on recommended mammography, clinical breast exams, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy, fecal occult blood test, and cervical cancer tests based on self-report at baseline and 12 and 24 months following implementation of intervention activities. Participants were 436 Latinas (aged 18-65 years; 91% Mexican immigrants) who met activity-level criteria for the PA condition, attended church at least four times per month, and lived near their church. Enrolled participants were asked to complete measures assessing PA and cancer screening as well as their correlates at each measurement point (e.g., health insurance, perceived barriers to screening, and knowledge about each cancer).Results: The CS intervention had a signific...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Community-Based Interventions: Poster Presentations - Proffered Abstracts Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Since stage-specific survival is similar in Kuwait and the US, late stage at diagnosis is likely to be a major contributing factor to the overall lower survival in Kuwait than in the US. Increasing public awareness of cancer risk factors and symptoms and investment in early detection will be vital to reduce the proportion of patients diagnosed at a late stage and to improve survival. PMID: 31662756 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The specific tumor profile in DS warrants an adapted screening program for breast, colon, cervical and testicular neoplasia. PMID: 31605815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
Abstract Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) remains the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms and has been shown to prevent bone loss and fracture. The progestogen is added to provide endometrial protection in women with an intact uterus. After the publication of the initial WHI (Women's Health Initiative) results in 2002 reporting an overall increased risk of breast cancer, many women discontinued HRT. Despite the re-analysis of the results by subgroups of patients and updates with extended follow-up, much controversy remains, which we will analyze later in the text. Different types of estrogen or proge...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
We presented the expressions of each member in miR-200 family in 15 types of cancer by boxplot, and analyzed the correlation among the members of miR-200 family by Spearman method. Different subgroup analyses were then performed based on the correlation among the members of miR-200 family, and the publication bias was assessed using the funnel plot of the Egger bias indicator test. RESULTS: Of 36 articles, including 15 tumor types and 4644 patients were included to perform meta-analysis. It was found that miR-200 family members can be used as independent protective factors in patients with various tumors but the miR-2...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
(Northwestern University) Many of the deadliest or most common cancers get the least amount of nonprofit research funding, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. 'Embarrassing' or stigmatized cancers, like lung and liver, are underfunded. Colon, endometrial, liver and bile duct, cervical, ovarian, pancreatic and lung cancers were all poorly funded compared to how common they are and how many deaths they cause, the study found. In contrast, breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma and pediatric cancers were all well-funded, respective to their impact on society.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
Martins Leticia M. Estevinho A marked decrease in human cancers, including breast cancer, bone cancer, and cervical cancer, has been linked to the consumption of vegetable and fruit, and the corresponding chemoprotective effect has been associated with the presence of several active molecules, such as kaempferol. Kaempferol is a major flavonoid aglycone found in many natural products, such as beans, bee pollen, broccoli, cabbage, capers, cauliflower, chia seeds, chives, cumin, moringa leaves, endive, fennel, and garlic. Kaempferol displays several pharmacological properties, among them antimicrobial, anti-inflammator...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusion.Different cancer types showed different concordances, and only gastric cancers were significantly less likely to be concordant. Incidence and pharmaceuticals may be the major cause of discordance. To be comprehensively and rapidly applied in China, WFO needs to accelerate localization. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03400514.Implications for Practice.IBM Watson for Oncology (WFO) has begun to be used in China. In this study, concordance was examined between the treatment recommendation proposed by WFO and clinical decisions for 362 patients in our cancer center, which could reflect the differences of cancer t...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Precision Medicine Clinic: Molecular Tumor Board, Global Health and Cancer Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 117Author(s): Xueni Wang, Yuting Yang, Yating An, Gang FangAbstractIn the last century, natural compounds have achieved remarkable achievements in the treatment of tumors through chemotherapy. This inspired scientists to continuously explore anticancer agents from natural compounds. Kaempferol is an ordinary natural compound, the most common flavonoid, which is widely existed in vegetables and fruits. It has been reported to have various anticancer activities, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, colon can...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract In the last century, natural compounds have achieved remarkable achievements in the treatment of tumors through chemotherapy. This inspired scientists to continuously explore anticancer agents from natural compounds. Kaempferol is an ordinary natural compound, the most common flavonoid, which is widely existed in vegetables and fruits. It has been reported to have various anticancer activities, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, leukemia, etc. Meanwhile, we found that there were more reports on breast cancer a...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Conclusions: The overall incidence of cancer increased over the 10-year study period, probably due to the aging of the working population. High-risk industries are concentrated in the labor-intensive blue-collar class, which is related to aging and socioeconomic status intergradation.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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