Don't Trust the Conventional Wisdom in Health Care -- Part 1

While he may not have been the first to say it, Steven D. Levitt, co-author of Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything (2005) is credited with the quotation: "The conventional wisdom is often wrong." Levitt bundles this concept with a distinction between positive and normative analysis. In the purest sense, positive economics is objective and fact based, while normative economics is subjective and value based. However, this clear distinction can become muddied. As Investopedia reminds us, "Positive economic statements do not have to be correct, but they must be able to be tested and proved or disproved. Normative economic statements are opinion based, so they cannot be proved or disproved." By way of example, the statement, "Government should provide basic healthcare to all citizens" is a normative economic statement. The statement, "Government-provided health care increases public expenditures" is a positive economic statement, because it can be proved or disproved by examining health care spending data. Riffing on John Kenneth Galbraith's The Affluent Society (1958), which devotes an entire chapter to the topic, Levitt asserts that conventional wisdom must be simple, convenient, comfortable, and comforting, though not necessarily true. Moreover, once established and enshrined by the experts and their media co-conspirators -- who often cite each other as proof -- this "wisdom" can be exceedingl...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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The WHO says the country is at "very high risk" in the current Ebola outbreak.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
China's agriculture ministry said on Monday two new African swine fever outbreaks were reported in Shaanxi and Guizhou provinces.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
NOROVIRUS symptoms include feeling sick and having diarrhoea, and the virus is known as the ‘winter vomiting bug’. An outbreak of norovirus has spread across the UK, and Public Health England is urging the public to follow good hygiene practices. These are the signs and symptoms of norovirus to look out for.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
GIDEON what’s new summary: December 7 to December 9, 2018 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (24 updates) 24 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (123 updates) 2 Clinical notes45 Diseases76 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (4 updates) 4 Drugs Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (1 updates) 1 Vaccine The post Update: December 9, 2018 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Our first results confirm that the FMT seems to be safe, with an impact on VRE colonization over time that may help control outbreaks. PMID: 30502308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
Publication date: 8–14 December 2018Source: The Lancet, Volume 392, Issue 10163Author(s): Ranu S Dhillon, Devabhaktuni Srikrishna
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study assessed vertical dispersal of Escherichia coli strain O157:H7 in two types of three-layered sprouting modules intended for home sprouting. Organic fenugreek seeds were artificially inoculated and transferred to either the top or bottom layer of sprouting modules. As commensal bacterial biota can affect survival of an artificially introduced strain, but can also contain pathogens, culturable bacterial species on fenugreek seeds were evaluated. A Beta-Poisson model was used to assess the risk of consumer exposure to the artificially introduced strain when added to seeds in the top or bottom layer. We found that t...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusions: LPM workers in Chongqing showed low level of knowledge, weak perception of susceptibility to avian influenza and inadequate preventive behaviors. Health education campaigns need to better target the knowledge on transmission routes and potential outbreak threat of avian influenza. More attention should be paid to LPM workers who are younger, less educated, with shorter occupational years and lower personal income.
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 December 2018Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Jie Jiang, Anglu Shen, Hao Wang, Sanling YuanAbstractPhosphorus is an essential element for the growth and reproduction of algae. In recent years, the frequent outbreaks of algal blooms caused by eutrophication have drawn much attention to the influence of phosphate (P) uptake on the growth of algal cells. The previous study only considered the effect of total P pools on the P uptake process of algal cells and focused on the process as one stage, which is insufficient. P uptake by algae is actually a two-stage kinetic process...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Abstract Rubella vaccination programs have dramatically reduced the incidence of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) in developed countries. However, CRS prevalence is still rising in developing countries where rubella-containing vaccines (RCV) are not included in the immunization program and even in some countries where a part of the population lacks immunity to rubella despite the presence of RCV in the regular immunization program. This review aimed to summarize the clinical features of CRS using data from our studies conducted between 2011 and 2015 in Vietnam, wherein we examined clinical manifestati...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
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