Communication restriction in adults who stutter: Part II.

This article presents a follow-up study to Lee, van Dulm, Robb, and Ormond (2015). The aim was to explore communication restriction in adults with stuttering (AWS) using typical language measures and systemic functional linguistics (SFL) analyses. The article compared the pre- and post-treatment performance of AWS in language productivity and complexity, transitivity, modality, appraisal, and theme. Ten-minute conversational samples were obtained from 20 AWS before and after participation in intensive stuttering treatment. Transcripts were analysed for quantity and complexity of verbal output, and frequency of transitivity, modality, appraisal and theme resources. Between pre- and post-treatment, the following differences were observed: (1) a significant increase in frequency of modal operators, and trends approaching significance for (2) increased language complexity (3) increased language expressing appraisal. These changes suggest increased flexibility of language use in AWS following treatment, particularly towards interpersonal engagement. The value of SFL to this area of research is discussed. PMID: 27050117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

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Stuttering is a disorder that impacts the smooth flow of speech production and is associated with a deficit in sensorimotor integration. In a previous experiment, individuals who stutter were able to vocally compensate for pitch shifts in their auditory feedback, but they exhibited more variability in the timing of their corrective responses. In the current study, we focused on the neural correlates of the task using functional MRI. Participants produced a vowel sound in the scanner while hearing their own voice in real time through headphones. On some trials, the audio was shifted up or down in pitch, eliciting a correcti...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract Myosin X (Myo10) has several unique design features including dimerization via an anti-parallel coiled coil and a long lever arm, which allow it to preferentially move on actin bundles. To understand the stepping behavior of single Myo10 on actin bundles, we labeled two heads of Myo10 dimers with different fluorophores. Unlike previously described for myosin V (Myo5) and VI (Myo6), which display alternating hand-over-hand stepping, Myo10 frequently took near simultaneous steps of both heads, and less frequently, 2-3 steps of one head before the other head stepped. We suggest that this behavior results fro...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Conclusions This study provides empirical evidence that BI to the unfamiliar may have salience for childhood stuttering as it affected the quantity and quality of language spoken with an unfamiliar adult. Clinical implications of high BI for the assessment and treatment of preschool-age stuttering are discussed. PMID: 32073287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS &IMPLICATIONS: The prevalence of comorbid stuttering and speech sound disorder was lower in a community cohort compared to that reported in clinical studies. Higher rates reported in clinical samples may be due to increased parental help-seeking behaviour when the two disorders co-occur. Subsequently, these children may present to clinics more frequently. Accurate representation of prevalence allows for population specific research on best practice assessment and intervention. Currently little is known about how best to manage this caseload, therefore more research is required in this area, including the de...
Source: Journal of Communication Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Commun Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe were able to confirm prior findings of relative disadvantage on standardized vocabulary tests for a very large sample of well-matched CWS. However, spontaneous language measures of lexical diversity did not distinguish the groups. This relative weakness in CWS may emerge from task differences: CWS are free to encode their own spontaneous utterances but must comply with explicit lexical prompts in standardized testing situations.
Source: Journal of Fluency Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionNobel Prize nominations are to date underused sources that shed new light on some scholars in ENT history.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Which of the following 6 ECGs of patients with chest pain represent inferior OMI?The answer could be 1 or more than 1.1.2.3.4.https://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/2011/10/inferior-st-elevation-what-is-diagnosis.html5.https://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/2018/05/is-there-delayed-activation-wave.html6.https://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/2013/04/a-40-year-old-male-with-several-chronic.htmlAnswer:3. and 5. are inferior OMI1., 2., 4., and 6. are limb lead early repolarizationIs it really possible to differentiate these?Yes.  Pendell did it easily getting 6/6 correct.I put this post up because I just received number 3 from a former gr...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
ConclusionFindings were taken to suggest that BI is associated with early childhood stuttering and that the SBIS could be included as part of a comprehensive evaluation of stuttering.
Source: Journal of Fluency Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Gut Troubles : Pain, Gassiness, Bloating, and More Disrupted Speech : Why Do We Stutter? Blood Proteins Change Across the Lifespan Teens Taking Charge of Their Health Moms ’ Mental Health Matters
Source: NIH News in Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionsWe were able to confirm prior findings of relative disadvantage on standardized vocabulary tests for a very large sample of well-matched CWS. However, spontaneous language measures of lexical diversity did not distinguish the groups. This relative weakness may emerge from task differences: CWS are free to encode their own spontaneous utterances but must comply with explicit lexical prompts in standardized testing situations.
Source: Journal of Fluency Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
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