NAFLD-Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma: a Threat to Patients with Metabolic Disorders

Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and its prevalence is increasing in relation to the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, via non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Unhealthy lifestyles associated with metabolic disorders are per se risk conditions for NAFLD progression, and specific gene polymorphisms may also favor oncogenesis, particularly in the presence of advanced fibrosis or cryptogenic cirrhosis. However, NAFLD-associated HCC may also develop in non-cirrhotic NAFLD and is frequently diagnosed at a more advanced tumor stage, compared with virus/alcohol-related HCC. This highlights the need for screening programs and long-term surveillance for earlier HCC detection in patients with metabolic risk factors, a policy hindered by the large number of cases at risk, with costs unaffordable by National health systems. New screening tools and cost-utility studies are eagerly awaited to develop more appropriate programs for early detection and treatment of NAFLD-associated HCC.
Source: Current Hepatitis Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
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