Tongue cancer in the young

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Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: HEAD AND NECK: Edited by Gilberto de Castro Jr Source Type: research

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Abstract Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer type globally and contributes significantly to burden of disease in South Asia. In Pakistan, HNSCC is among the most commonly diagnosed cancer in males and females. The increasing regional burden of HNSCC along with a unique set of risk factors merited a deeper investigation of the disease at the genomic level. Whole exome sequencing of HNSCC samples and matched normal genomic DNA analysis (n=7) was performed. Significant somatic single nucleotide variants (SNVs) were identified and pathway analysis performed to determine frequently affe...
Source: Genetics and Molecular Biology - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conditions:   Clinical Stage III HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8;   Clinical Stage IV HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8;   Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Carcinoma;   Oral Cavity Carcinoma;   Pathologic Stage III HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Or opharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8;   Pathologic Stage IV HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8;   Recurrent Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma;   Recurrent Laryngeal Carcinoma;   Recurrent Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Gan L, Guo M, Si J, Zhang J, Liu Z, Zhao J, Wang F, Yan J, Li H, Zhang H Abstract Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment for head and neck cancers, but central nervous system function can be impaired by clinical radiation doses. This experimental study evaluated the protective efficacy of the anti-hyperglycaemic/anti-neoplastic agent phenformin against radiation-induced developmental toxicity in zebrafish embryos. Zebrafish embryos pre-treated with 25 μM phenformin 1 h before x-ray irradiation were compared to irradiation-only embryos for mortality, hatching rate, morphology, spontaneous ...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Leila Farzin, Sodeh Sadjadi, Mojtaba Shamsipur, Shahab SheibaniAbstractIn continuing our effort focused towards the design and development of nanostructured carbon-based biosensors, herein we report an amine-ionic liquid functionalized reduced graphene oxide (NH2-IL-rGO) immunosensing nanoplatform for the electrochemical detection of human papillomavirus (HPV16) DNA in patients with HPV16-positive head and neck cancer (HNC). The model reaction considered in this work was based on grafting of IL to the surf...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionDespite the seemingly incurable finding it is always necessary to consider radical treatment regardless of the patient´s age. Curative treatment could achieve long term remission in the group of older patients.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This article describes our institutional experience with head and neck paragangliomas, with an emphasis on evaluating clinical outcomes among malignant head and neck paragangliomas. All of these patients with malignant head and neck paragangliomas were considered surgical candidates without known metastatic disease at presentation. Furthermore, all patients were presented at our institutional head and neck treatment planning conference where surgical oncologists, medical oncologist s, and radiation oncologists recommend the best treatment option that is catered for each patient. Surgical resection was only offered when the...
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
To the Editor As academic physicians with an interest in pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma, we read with great interest the article by McCrary et al characterizing malignant head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGLs). The authors used the paraganglioma cohort from an academic tertiary cancer center diagnosed between 1963 and 2018. They found that the prevalence of malignant HNPGLs was 6 of 70 (9%), with 5 of 6 patients carrying the succinate dehydrogenase subunit B (SDHB) mutation. They suggested that patients with paragangliomas should undergo genetic testing, and owing to the difficulty in diagnosing malignant HNPGL prior to sur...
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThis preliminary study demonstrated PG2 injection exhibited an excellent safety profile, and has potential in ameliorating the deterioration in QoL and the AEs associated with active anticancer treatment among patients with advanced pharyngeal or laryngeal HNSCC under CCRT. Further research in patients with other cancer types or treatment modalities may widen PG2 ’s application in clinical settings.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Purpose: FDG-PET adds to clinical factors, such tumor stage and p16 status, in predicting local (LF), regional (RF), and distant failure (DF) in poor prognosis locally advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) treated with chemoradiation. We hypothesized that MRI-based quantitative imaging (QI) metrics could add to clinical predictors of treatment failure more significantly than FDG-PET metrics.Materials and methods: Fifty four patients with poor prognosis HNCs who were enrolled in an IRB approved prospective adaptive chemoradiotherapy trial were analyzed. MRI-derived gross tumor volume (GTV), blood volume (BV), and apparent dif...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This paper presents five cases and a radiographic inventory to illustrate disturbances of dental development associated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy therapy in children. Medical and dental professionals involved in the treatment of cancer survivors are relatively unaware of the dental consequences of radiation therapy and the age dependency of specific regional effects. These effects can be severe, with great impact on quality of life. Further research in this area could help improve planning of radiation therapy for children, potentially preventing or limiting dental or maxillofacial sequelae. PMID:...
Source: Dentomaxillofacial Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Dentomaxillofac Radiol Source Type: research
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