Using smoker's lungs in more transplants 'will save lives despite increased cancer risk for patients'

Doctors argue more patients with terminal illnesses, should be given choice of having ‘reconditioned’ lungs from a smoker, which can give them years of extra life.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ConclusionsMucormycosis involved mainly the sinu ‐orbital site and affected children>10  years. Despite aggressive treatment with high‐dose L‐AmB and timely surgical debridement, the mortality rate remains still high.
Source: Mycoses - Category: Research Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionA diagnosis of LC following LTx remains rare. LC in the explanted lung seems to have no impact on survival for early ‐stage disease. LC in the transplanted or native remaining lung after LTx has poor prognosis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Clinical Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsMost recurrences occur within two years after transplantation and are the cause of death in these patients. Patients with nodal disease tend to have higher recurrence rates. Multidisciplinary review of abnormal pre-transplant radiographic findings and close follow up may allow for detection of undiagnosed cancers.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
In this report, 3 transbronchial biopsies showed viral inclusions on histologic examination and were evaluated for anti-SV40 large T antigen (SV40 T Ag) by immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization, and viral genome sequencing by polymerase chain reaction. Patients 1 and 2 were immunosuppressed lung transplant recipients. Patient 1 presented with diffuse pruritic rash and respiratory failure, and patient 2 with PyV viremia. Patient 3 had chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma and presented with cough and shortness of breath. Histologic examination of all 3 lung biopsies were similar and revealed pr...
Source: Pathology Case Reviews - Category: Pathology Tags: Call for Papers 2017 Source Type: research
Development of T-cell based immunotherapies for the treatment of various cancers has been challenged for decades by the lack of target antigens that are only expressed by cancer cells and not normal tissues. KK-LC-1 belongs to a family of tumor antigens known as cancer-testis antigens, which have restricted expression in immune-privileged germ cells and various cancers, and not in normal life-essential tissues. This makes KK-LC-1 an attractive target for T-cell based anti-cancer therapies.Inventors from the National Cancer Institute ’sExperimental Transplantation and Immunology Branch (NCI ETIB) have discovered two n...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionIn our setting, excluding NMSC, the incidence is 8.8 times greater than estimations for the general population, with a high rate of lung cancer, so we should implement preventive and diagnostic strategies.ResumenIntroducciónLa mayor supervivencia del paciente trasplantado viene acompañada del aumento en la tasa de tumores de novo (TN) que representan la complicación tardía más frecuente. Podemos distinguir entre tumores de piel no melanoma (TPNM), síndrome linfoproliferativo postrasplante (SLPT) y tumores de órgano sólido (TOS). Nuestro objetivo es determina...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-limiting genetic disease in Caucasian patients. Continued advances have led to improved survival, and adults with CF now outnumber children. As our understanding of the disease improves, new therapies have emerged that improve the basic defect, enabling patient-specific treatment and improved outcomes. However, recurrent exacerbations continue to lead to morbidity and mortality, and new pathogens have been identified that may lead to worse outcomes. In addition, new complications, such as CF-related diabetes and increased risk of gastrointestinal cancers, are c...
Source: Annual Review of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Med Source Type: research
This article, unfortunately paywalled, is interesting to note as a mark of the now increasingly energetic expansion of commercial efforts in longevity science. David Sinclair has been building a private equity company to work in many areas relevant to this present generation of commercial longevity science; while I'm not sold on his primary research interests as the basis for meaningful treatments for aging, he is diversifying considerably here, including into senolytics, the clearance of senescent cells demonstrated to produce rejuvenation in animal studies. This sort of approach to business mixes aspects of investing and...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Kawai H, Tsujigiwa H, Siar CH, Nakano K, Takabatake K, Fujii M, Hamada M, Tamamura R, Nagatsuka H Abstract Background: The tumor microenvironment and its stromal cells play an important role in cancer development and metastasis. Bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs), a rich source of hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells, putatively contribute to this tumoral stroma. However their characteristics and roles within the tumor microenvironment are unclear. In the present study, BMDCs in the tumor microenvironment were traced using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) bone marrow transplantation model. Methods: C...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Lung Cancer is occasionally observed in patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). We sought to describe the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of lung cancer for patients with IPF and other interstitial lung disease (ILD) using institutional and statewide data registries. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of IPF and non-IPF ILD patients from the ILD center registry, to compare with lung cancer registries at the University of Pittsburgh as well as with population data of lung cancer obtained from Pennsylvania Department of Health between 2000 and 2015. RE...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respir Res Source Type: research
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