10-Second Answers To This Week's Pressing Health Questions

ICYMI Health features what we're reading this week. This week, we sought out simple answers to tough health questions. While such questions require a degree of nuance -- if they didn't, they wouldn't be tough, right? -- consider this an at-a-glance jumping off point to explore the research in more detail.    Read on and tell us in the comments: What did you read and love this week? Q: How can we reduce the United States' high C-section rate?  A: Give women more time to push. According to a study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology in March, giving women just one more hour to push during the second stage of labor cut the C-section rate of the 78 first-time moms in the study by half.   While the study was limited to women who'd received epidurals during childbirth, and was admittedly very small, researchers suggested that it offered a critique of our potentially outdated standard for how long doctors should allow women to labor during childbirth.  “The study really showed what we’ve seen in practice for years, which is that there can be benefits to allowing women to labor longer,” Dr. Alexis Gimovskya, study author and fellow in maternal fetal medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Pennsylvania, previous told HuffPost.  The C-section rate in the United States is currently stands at about 30 percent, a good deal higher than the 10 to 15 percent of births that the World Health Organization r...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Singer EV, Shelton AR, Malow BA. Can we predict which children with autism will have obstructive sleep apnea?J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1389–1390.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:The absence of demographic or clinical predictors of OSA supports using general indications for PSG in children with ASD.Citation:Tomkies A, Johnson RF, Shah G, Caraballo M, Evans P, Mitchell RB. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with autism.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1469–1476.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract In children with autism spectrum disorder, there have been equivocal results regarding primary caregiver education level and its influence on sleep. Thus, we assessed if lower primary caregiver education level is associated with more sleep problems. We evaluated 4,636 children with autism spectrum disorder in the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network's United States and Canadian registry, whose caregivers completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Using regression analysis, there was an association between lower primary caregiver education level and more sleep problems. Secondary analyses demon...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
Our weekly round-up of the best psychology coverage from elsewhere on the web An MIT professor gave his students Fitbits to find out how exercise affected their academic performance — but instead stumbled upon some interesting insights into sleep, Jamie Ducharme at Time reports. Students who stuck to a consistent sleep pattern throughout the week seemed to do better in class, the team found, while differences in sleep quality between men and women could explain why female students were getting higher grades. “I can’t rewind the past and make up for all of the bad experiences I have had. But I can use th...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Weekly links Source Type: blogs
Americans aren’t sleeping well. Roughly 80% of U.S. adults say they struggle to fall asleep at least one night a week, according to a recent Consumer Reports survey. And research has found that sleep problems are also on the rise among adolescents. While the causes of America’s sleep woes are up for debate, there’s little disagreement about America’s favorite remedy: Melatonin, by far the country’s most-used sleep aid. What is Melatonin? Melatonin is a hormone that plants and animals, including humans, produce naturally. The melatonin sold in over-the-counter pills is synthetic, but chemically...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized anti-oxidants drug safety inflammation medicine melatonin Source Type: news
AbstractThe safety and efficacy of a novel combination treatment of AChE inhibitors and choline supplement was initiated and evaluated in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Safety and efficacy were evaluated on 60 children and adolescents with ASD during a 9-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comprising 12  weeks of treatment preceded by baseline evaluation, and followed by 6 months of washout, with subsequent follow-up evaluations. The primary exploratory measure was language, and secondary measures included core autism symptoms, sleep and behavior. Significant im...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: Children with neurodevelopmental conditions may have more difficulties disengaging from screen devices in their bedrooms, and an earlier age of screen exposure may contribute to more chronic disruption of sleep.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CASE: Alex is a 14-year-old Portuguese-American boy with a psychiatric history starting at age 5 who presents to your primary care practice after an insurance change. He was delivered prematurely at 32 weeks and diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism at the age of 6 weeks and growth hormone deficiency at the age of 2 years; he is in active treatment for both. He otherwise met developmental milestones on time yet continues to have significant fatigue despite adequate sleep and vitamin D supplementation. His family history is remarkable for maternal anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, and previous attempted suicide...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Challenging Case Source Type: research
We present a case of hypothermia in an autistic child with a sleep disorder whose body temperature decreased to 34°C after a single dose of melatonin. Hypothermia continued for 2 more days, but her nighttime sleeping problems decreased. This case is important because it demonstrates the possible risk of hypothermia with melatonin use in children with autism with a sleep disorder.
Source: Clinical Neuropharmacology - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results have clinical significance as sleep and EF deficits may identify an ASD subgroup that is at increased risk for a comorbid ADHD diagnosis.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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