Allogeneic T Cells That Express an Anti-CD19 Chimeric Antigen Receptor Induce Remissions of B-Cell Malignancies That Progress After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation Without Causing Graft-Versus-Host Disease Hematologic Malignancy

Conclusion Allogeneic anti-CD19 CAR T cells can effectively treat B-cell malignancies that progress after alloHSCT. The findings point toward a future when antigen-specific T-cell therapies will play a central role in alloHSCT.
Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Leukemia, Lymphoma, Biologic Therapy, Biological Therapy, Immunology/Immunobiology Hematologic Malignancy Source Type: research

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Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3-7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12-15].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B-cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3 –7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12–15].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionWe suggest a one ‐compartment population model with first‐order elimination to capture the pharmacokinetic profile for basiliximab for this patient population.
Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Zi F, Yu L, Shi Q, Tang A, Cheng J Abstract B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling is important for the development and maturation of normal B-cells and plays a key role in B-cell malignancies. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a crucial terminal kinase enzyme in BCR signaling, has emerged as an attractive target and has been successfully applied in the treatment of hematological malignancies. Ibrutinib, a BTK inhibitor, has demonstrated marked efficacy and tolerability in treatment-naïve, relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Ibru...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Auer rods were first described in the cytoplasm of leukemia blasts by John Auer in 1906. Auer rods are commonly seen in myeloid progenitors, and serve as a diagnostic morphological feature of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) [1]. The differential diagnosis of hematopoietic neoplasms relies on the detection of cytoplasmic inclusions resembling Auer rods. Auer rod-like inclusions have been described in multiple myeloma [2], prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) [3], B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia [4], chronic lymphocytic leukemia [4], splenic lymphoma [5] and nodal marginal zone lymphoma [6], which are quite distinct from the needl...
Source: Experimental Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research
The Notch pathway plays a key role in several processes including stem-cell self-renewal, proliferation, and cell differentiation. Several studies identified recurrent mutations in hematological malignancies making Notch one of the most desirable target in leukemia and lymphoma. The Notch signaling mediates resistance to therapy and controls cancer stem cells supporting the development of on-target therapeutic strategies to improve patients ’ outcome. In this brief review, we outline the therapeutic potential of targeting Notch pathway in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and mantle cell lymphoma.
Source: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
In conclusion, this meta-analysis showed a high clinical RR of CD19-CAR-T cell–based immunotherapy in patients with refractory B-cell malignancies.
Source: Cytotherapy - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology, clinical and laboratory characteristics of canine lymphomas as well as some aspects of treatment outcomes. The study was conducted on Boxer dogs with lymphoma diagnosed by cytology and immunocytochemistry (CD3 and CD79 alpha). During the study period, lymphoma was diagnosed in 63 Boxers; 86.8% were T-cell (based on the Kiel classification: small clear cell lymphoma, pleomorphic small cell lymphoma, pleomorphic mixed T-cell lymphoma, pleomorphic large T-cell lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma/acute lymphoblastic leukaemia) and 13.2% were B-cell lymphoma...
Source: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Acta Vet Hung Source Type: research
Conclusion and Future Perspectives This review illustrates our current knowledge of USP7, including its source and characterization, structure, binding partners and substrates in various biological processes. Besides, how USP7 regulates various aspects of a cell under both normal and pathological states are elaborated in detail. As the processes of ubiquitination and deubiquitination are extremely dynamic and context-specific, a series of studies have linked USP7 to different cancers. The biology, particularly the immune oncology mechanisms, reveal that USP7 inhibitors would be useful drugs, thus it is vital to develop hi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Alla S. Koltsova1,2, Anna A. Pendina1, Olga A. Efimova1*, Olga G. Chiryaeva1, Tatyana V. Kuznetzova1 and Vladislav S. Baranov1,2 1D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia In the present review, we focus on the phenomenon of chromothripsis, a new type of complex chromosomal rearrangements. We discuss the challenges of chromothripsis detection and its distinction from other chromoanagenesis events. Along with already known causes and mechanisms, we introdu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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