Experts Say Your Standing Desk Is Basically Useless

It made sense at the time. If sitting for hours a day is linked to obesity, heart disease and early death, then surely standing or walking while working could help office-goers protect themselves from these health maladies. But a new analysis found that it’s still unclear whether standing or treadmill desks have any positive effect at all on health. What's more, it’s not even clear whether having these new kinds of desks significantly reduces the amount of time a person sits during the work day. The analysis of 20 previous studies -- together including a total of 2,174 participants -- was conducted by Cochrane, a prestigious global network of independent scientists who evaluate the quality of research and parse scientific evidence into digestible recommendations. They found there are too few studies and studies with too few participants, making a solid recommendation for standing or walking desks impossible. What's more, they concluded, most of the studies were too poorly designed to provide conclusive evidence even if their numbers had been sufficient. "With the available evidence, I would say people should not expect to reduce weight using [a] sit-stand desk, as there is hardly any extra energy expenditure," Nipun Shrestha, a scientist with the Health Research and Social Development Forum in Nepal and corresponding author for the Cochrane review told HuffPost. "People need to do exercises both at work and outside work...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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In this study we examined the consequences of such changes for the growth and photo‐physiology of two diatoms by mimicking the scenarios that correspond to present day and that predicted for the end of this century. Elevated light induced higher rates of damage to photosystem II (PSII) that significantly reduced photochemical yields of both diatoms. Treatments including UV radiation induced ~ 50% inhibition of PSII under present PAR levels. Generally, warming alleviated UVR inhibition, resulting in higher photochemical yields, and faster recovery during dim light exposure. Therefore, concurrent increase of irradiance and...
Source: Photochemistry and Photobiology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: TAMIS is an innovative technique that may be considered for the treatment of benign diseases like anastomotic complications, benign rectal stenosis, anastomotic explorations with lavage and drainage, rectal ulcus, and rectal intussusception. It can be used to search for a good plane of dissection, which cannot be found through the abdominal anterior approach. It can also be adopted for removal of early malignant rectal polyps and for TaTME. The technique described here allows the surgeons to work under ergonomic conditions, with completely reusable materials, and with a magnified view of the operative field, a...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Conclusions: The expression of ERCC1 and NF- κ B give a worse prognosis for relapse, and only ERCC1 had an influence on the overall survival of TGCT patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. These may represent markers that predict poor clinical outcome and response to cisplatin.
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this congenital rabbit model, no obvious functional differences were found between reconstructed urethras after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty.
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this congenital rabbit model, no obvious functional differences were found between reconstructed urethras after hypospadias repair with and without spongioplasty.
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Resumo Atualmente a obesidade é considerada um dos maiores desafios da saúde pública. Ela vem sendo enfrentada a partir do incentivo de mudanças comportamentais individuais, exaltando a perda de peso como forma inquestionável de garantir saúde. Tendo em vista este contexto e a importância das Diretrizes brasileiras de obe sidade sobre o campo da obesidade, sua influência sobre a prática profissional, o tipo de tratamento incentivado e o processo decisório em relação aos corpos gordos, foi realizada uma análise deste documento, associad...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: March–April 2020Source: Heart &Lung, Volume 49, Issue 2Author(s): Zachary Cox, Pikki Lai, Connie Lewis, JoAnn Lindenfeld
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractThe family of AlkB homolog (ALKBH) proteins, the homologs ofEscherichia coli AlkB 2 ‐oxoglutarate (2OG), and Fe(II)‐dependent dioxygenase are involved in a number of important regulatory processes in eukaryotic cells including repair of alkylation lesions in DNA, RNA, and nucleoprotein complexes. There are nine human and thirteenArabidopsis thaliana ALKBH proteins described, which exhibit diversified functions. Among them, human ALKBH5 and FaT mass and Obesity ‐associated (FTO) protein and Arabidopsis ALKBH9B and ALKBH10B have been recognized as N6 methyladenine (N6meA) demethylases, the most abundant posttra...
Source: IUBMB Life - Category: Research Authors: Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients aged 40 ‐65, gastric bypass but not sleeve gastrectomy or the other procedures increased risk of major osteoporotic fractures.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conditions:   Cancer, Breast;   Obesity, Abdominal Intervention:   Other: SCOPE-Chinese Women Sponsors:   University of California, San Francisco;   Central South University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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