Clinical, demographic, and epidemiologic characteristics of hepatitis B virus-infected patients at a tertiary public hospital in Presidente Prudente, State of São Paulo, Brazil

CONCLUSIONS: Over a 13-year interval, very few individuals infected with HBV were identified, highlighting the barriers for caring for patients with HBV in developing countries. New measures need to be implemented to complement curative practices.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: December 2018Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Rheumatology, Volume 32, Issue 6Author(s): Jonathan TL. Cheah, John J. Faragon, Kristen M. MarksAbstractHepatitis B and C viruses present dual considerations in rheumatic disease as both etiologic factors and important comorbidities that must be assessed and addressed. This review summarizes the link between hepatitis B and arthritis and polyarteritis nodosa as well as hepatitis C and arthritis, Sicca syndrome and cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. Recent data pertaining to the antiviral management in these conditions, especially regarding the use of the...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract The human microbiota is a variety of different microorganisms. The composition of microbiota varies from host to host, and it changes during the lifetime. It is known that microbiome may be changed because of a diet, bacteriophages and different processes for example, such as inflammation. Like all other areas of medicine, there is a continuous growth in the area of microbiology. Different microbes can reside in all sites of a human body, even in locations that were previously considered as sterile; for example, liver, pancreas, brain and adipose tissue. Presently one of the etiological factors for liver ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Conclusion: We find an annual incidence of HCC in alcoholic cirrhosis of 1.5% indicating need for surveillance in these patients. Survival after HCC diagnosis was worst in alcoholic cirrhosis due to more advanced stage at diagnosis with few patients eligible for treatment. PMID: 31389730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study identified risk factors associated with common perioperative complications of liver transplantation. These factors may assist practitioners in risk stratification and may form the basis for further investigations of potential interventions to mitigate these risks. PMID: 31378055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Anesthesiol Source Type: research
azar MI, Arbona C Abstract BACKGROUND: Towards the end of the 20th century, transfusion-transmitted viral infections (TTVI) represented a huge problem for public health. From the beginning of the screening of blood donations, this risk has decreased to the point that it is no longer possible to measure it directly and it is necessary to use mathematical models. Using one of these models, the aim of this study was to analyse the evolution of the residual risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission through blood transfusion from 2003 to 2017 in the Re...
Source: Blood Transfusion - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Blood Transfus Source Type: research
ConclusionsSince the extensive efforts for prevention of hepatitis B virus infection, the incidence of liver cancer due to hepatitis B has significantly decreased. However, liver cancer due to hepatitis C, NASH, and other causes remains a major public health concern. Additional preventive strategies tailored to liver cancer are needed to further reduce its disease burden in China.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusion The profile of RTx with HCV has changed over the last 20 years. Despite a decrease in the prevalence of HCV, new clinical challenges have emerged, such as more advanced age and a higher prevalence of cirrhosis.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate infection control practices with reference to safe blood supply, staff safety and waste disposal practices in blood banks of Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Infection control practices of all blood banks working in Karachi were determined through a structured questionnaire followed by an educational intervention. Mean scores for overall infection control practices and specific practices regarding safe blood supply, staff safety and waste disposal were calculated and compared with different factors using statistical tools. Results: Patient safety scores of 4...
Source: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: East Mediterr Health J Source Type: research
Purpose of review To investigate the association between systemic sclerosis (SSc) to chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) carriage. We utilized the database of Clalit Health Services, the largest healthcare organization in Israel and performed a cross-sectional study. Recent findings The study included 2431 SSc patients and 12 710 age-and-sex matched controls, HBV was found in 38 SSc patients (1.56%) and 64 controls (0.5%). HCV was found in 30 SSc patients (1.23%) and 83 controls (0.65%). In multivariable logistic regression model, HBV was found to be associated with smoking, dialysis treatmen...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: INFECTIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF AUTOIMMUNITY: Edited by Yehuda Shoenfeld Source Type: research
[Leadership] Ibadan -As the world marked Hepatitis Day, Health experts including, the assistant Director of Public Health Nursing, Grace Adekoya and Dr. Kolawole Akande, from the University College Hospital UCH have disclosed that about 20 million Nigerians live with Hepatitis B while about one per cent of the population live with Hepatitis C.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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