A dynamic framework on travel mode choice focusing on utilitarian walking based on the integration of current knowledge
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Yong Yang Recently, research on utilitarian walking has gained momentum due to its benefits on both health and the environment. However, our overall understanding of how built and social environments affect travel mode choice (walking or not) is still limited, and most existing frameworks on travel mode choice lack dynamic processes. After a review of several mainstream theories and a number of frameworks, we propose an integrated framework. The basic constructs in the travel mode choice function are utilities, constraints, attitudes, and habits. With a hierarchical structure and heuristic rules, the travel mode choice function is modified by individual characteristics and travel characteristics. The framework explicitly presents several dynamic processes, including the perception process on the environment, attitude formation process, habit formation process, interactions among an individual׳s own behaviors, interactions among travelers, feedback from travel to the built and social environments, and feedback from other behaviors to the built and social environments. For utilitarian walking, the framework may contribute to the study design, data collection, adoption of new research methods, and provide indications for policy interventions.
DiscussionThe interventions of education and medication alerts resulted in a significant increase in the percentage of patients receiving appropriate doses of dilTIAZem and a nonsignificant decrease in the incidence of hypotension. This process-oriented intervention resulted in an improvement in appropriate dilTIAZem doses at our site. Rate control was not statistically significantly different between the 2 groups. Long-term sustainability of this intervention requires further study.
ConclusionsVitamin D insufficiency was prevalent in both newly diagnosed axSpA patients and healthy controls. There was no association between vitamin D and pain and disease activity in the newly diagnosed axSpA patients. Monitoring vitamin D levels is important and early intervention for vitamin D insufficiency is needed, especially in female patients.
ConclusionVacuum assisted dressing is more effective than traditional wound dressing in wound healing of open fractures.
This study aims to reflect on the process of adoption of the preprints publication model, briefly delimiting its history and current use by the national and the international scientific community. Departing from the literature and a consultation of preprint repositories, this reflection intends to highlight the main challenges that preprint implementation will face in the Nursing area, along with its specificities. While considering its benefits for scientific dissemination, this study points out the difficulties that may arise from the implementation of mostly north-American science models in a peripheral country such as ...
RESUMO Objetivo Identificar na literatura a avalia ção da qualidade dos serviços de Atenção Primária à Saúde sob a ótica de cuidadores de crianças por meio da aplicação do PCATool, versão infantil. Método Revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF e Web of Science. Resultados Foram selecionados 17 artigos. Todos os estudos incluídos eram descritivos (100%) e possuíam nível de evidência IV (100%). O componente grau de afiliação (média=7,...
CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal screening with the red reflex is not sufficient to detect intraocular disease. A normal neonatal red reflex does no exclude intraocular disease. It has a specificity of nearly 90%, but its sensitivity is only 56%. Most retinal haemorrhages are undiagnosed as they cannot be detected with a red reflex. PMID: 31826811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Reaction to claims of study misconduct have dominated the press and social media since the report dropped earlier this week.Medscape Medical News
At least 1,300 people have died from the flu so far this season, according to a preliminary estimate released Friday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Researchers have developed a self-cleaning plastic wrap that repels bacteria -- and could be used to prevent the transfer of antibiotic resistant superbugs, and other forms of dangerous bacteria.
There is evidence that an ancient Chinese form of martial arts improves your mind and body, and may even contribute to a longer life.