Sororin actively maintains sister chromatid cohesion
Cohesion between sister chromatids is established during DNA replication but needs to be maintained to enable proper chromosome–spindle attachments in mitosis or meiosis. Cohesion is mediated by cohesin, but also depends on cohesin acetylation and sororin. Sororin contributes to cohesion by stabilizing cohesin on DNA. Sororin achieves this by inhibiting WAPL, which otherwise releases cohesin from DNA and destroys cohesion. Here we describe mouse models which enable the controlled depletion of sororin by gene deletion or auxin-induced degradation. We show that sororin is essential for embryonic development, cohesion maintenance, and proper chromosome segregation. We further show that the acetyltransferases ESCO1 and ESCO2 are essential for stabilizing cohesin on chromatin, that their only function in this process is to acetylate cohesin's SMC3 subunit, and that DNA replication is also required for stable cohesin–chromatin interactions. Unexpectedly, we find that sororin interacts dynamically with the cohesin complexes it stabilizes. This implies that sororin recruitment to cohesin does not depend on the DNA replication machinery or process itself, but on a property that cohesin acquires during cohesion establishment.
Conclusion: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.
Abstract Aortic dissection (AD) has been recognized to be associated with an inflammatory process. Clinical observations demonstrated that patients with AD had an elevated interleukin (IL)-6 level in comparison to hypertensive or healthy controls. Adverse events such as acute lung injury, postimplantation syndrome, and death are associated with an elevated IL-6 level. Thus, circulating IL-6 could be a reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of AD and for the eveluation of the therapeutic outcomes and the prognosis of AD patients. Therapeutic interventions aiming at attenuating the inflammatory status by IL-6 neutralization co...
In conclusion, dedifferentiated proximal tubule cells effect proximal tubule repair, and we reveal an EGFR/FOXM1-dependent signaling pathway that drives proliferative repair after injury.
ConclusionThis case is a rare phenomenon in which the dead fetus remained in the uterus for a long time after a neglected obstructed labor and uterine rupture.
ConclusionsThe lower subscapular nerve can be used as a safe and effective neurotization tool for upper brachial plexus injury, having a success rate of 69.2% for axillary nerve repair. Our technique presents a suitable alternative for patients with concomitant radial nerve injury.
Conclusion: DNA repair inhibitor treatments are efficient in the platinum resistant model, MDA-MB-231. The combination with carboplatin improves survival. The association of carboplatin with olaparib is associated with high liver toxicity, which is not observed with AsiDNA. AsiDNA could delay resistance to carboplatin without increasing its toxicity.
US safety officials are examining repair records on dozens of used foreign planes bought by Southwest Airlines
Contributors : Ya Gao ; Yifan Zhang ; Qingfeng LiSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensLeucine-rich-alpha-2-glycoprotein1 (LRG1), a highly conserved member of the leucine-rich repeat family of proteins, has been reported to be involved in several tumors. Previous studies showed that it has great importance in epithelial –mesenchymal transition in colorectal cancer and could promote glioma cell lines invasion and migration. Despite the intimate relationships between LRG1 and migration in cancer research, its role in wound repair or re-epithelialization has not been unco...
We present a reproducible knock-in strategy combined with a highly specific homologous directed repair (HDR) screening approach using digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). The knock-in cell lines that we created show a functioning fluorescent reporter system for DA neurons that are identifiable by flow cytometry.
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: Journal of Materials Research and TechnologyAuthor(s): Jian Wang, Xiaofeng Lu, Chen Cheng, Bo Li, Zongyi MaAbstractThe common aluminum/steel composite plates made by explosive welding often have steel cuttings, holes, cracks and other defects at the interface, which make the component premature failure. Friction stir processing (FSP) can make the microstructures stirred strongly, forming the uniform and fine structure, also repairing the defects. However, how to improve the quality of composite plate by FSP is still in blank and needs to be investigated. Results sh...