The prevalence and predictors of obstructive sleep apnea in major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a health hazard since it is associated with neurocognitive dysfunction and cardio-metabolic diseases. The prevalence of OSA among people with serious mental illness (SMI) is unclear.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Kim Fricke, Susanne VogelAbstractFRICKE, K. and S. Vogel. How interindividual differences shape approach-avoidance behavior: Relating self-report and diagnostic measures of interindividual differences to behavioral measurements of approach and avoidance. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV XX(X) XXX-XXX, XXXX. -Responding to stimuli in ambiguous environments is partially governed by approach-avoidance tendencies. Imbalances in these approach-avoidance behaviors are implicated in many mental disorders including anxiety disorders, p...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
General surgery residents encounter frequent mistreatment by patients as well as attending physicians that leads to burnout and suicidal thoughts. This is the finding of a cross-sectional national survey of general surgery residents, which found that more than 50% of general surgery residents report some form of mistreatment (N Engl J Med. 2019;381:1741-1752). Mistreatment included […]
Source: ENT Today - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: News Online Exclusives Source Type: research
In this study, polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid was administered to rats intravenously at a dose of 10 mg/kg on embryonic day 9.5 to produce MIA. The effect of MIA on behavior and ERK phosphorylation within the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus of adolescent and adult offspring were explored. We also examined neurofilaments, a marker of neurogenesis, which have been reported to be modulated by ERK signaling. The results demonstrate an age- and region-specific profile of ERK expression and phosphorylation and suggest possible relationships among ERK, neurofilament expression, and cognitive performance in schizophrenia.
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Source: Psychology, Health and Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
A piece of the puzzle seems to be missing. The continued push by mental health practitioners and academics against the rising rates of suicide across the globe, through research and interventions in clinics and schools, has resulted in minimal success....
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study investigates sleep patterns of fourth- and fifth-grade students using actigraphy. METHODS: The study included 257 students enrolled in a Southwestern US school district who participated in a novel sleep science curriculum duri...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
Background: Comorbid depression and substance use disorders (SUDs) are associated with poor health and social outcomes disproportionately affecting under-resourced communities.Objectives: To test the hypothesis that a coalition approach to co...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Lie-telling and secret-keeping are common behaviors during adolescence. Given the importance of honesty for building trust in positive relationships, the present study examined relations between lie-telling, secret-keeping, and relationship quality over ti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Sleep is essential to the maintenance of mental health. Sleep helps to regulate mood and process emotional information and experiences into memory. Insufficient sleep is associated with increased emotional reactivity and emotional disturbance. Research indicates that REM sleep may play an especially significant role in maintaining emotional well-being and psychological balance. Sleep problems occur substantially more frequently in people with psychiatric conditions than in the general population. Often, sleep and mental health disorders exist in bi-directional relationship to each other, with each condition influencing the...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Anxiety Attention Deficit Disorder Bipolar Depression Disorders General Panic Disorder Psychology PTSD Schizophrenia Sleep Adhd Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Bipolar Disorder Emotional Disturbance emotional reactiv Source Type: news
Authors: Szaulińska K, Pływaczewski R, Sikorska O, Holka-Pokorska J, Wierzbicka A, Wichniak A, Śliwiński P Abstract The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is estimated to be 3-7.5% in men and 2-3% in women. In mentally ill population it is even higher, as these patients are a high risk OSA group. The aim of the paper was a review of literature about the prevalence of sleep apnoea in patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and recurrent depressive disorder.The available data show that OSA is present in 15-48% of patients with schizophrenia, 21-43% of patients with bipolar disorder and 11-18% of p...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
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