Metabolic adaptation after experimental clinical pregnancy toxemia in ewes

This study was performed to evaluate the effect of induction of clinical ketosis or pregnancy toxemia (PT) and subsequent effects on serum biochemical factors. Seven native pregnant ewes aged 3–4 years, 45–50 kg weight with BCS of 3.5–4 on a 0–5 scale were selected. The pregnancy of ewes was confirmed by ultrasound examination. Blood samples were harvested from the jugular vein before and after the induction of PT by food deprivation. Serum β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), Nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), BUN, glucose, calcium, total protein, and cortisol concentrations were measured. Serum BHBA, NEFA, BUN, and cortisol concentrations after induction of PT were significantly higher (P 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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The objective of the present study is to compare the sonographic measurement of subcutaneous adipose thickness and visceral adipose thickness during 1st trimester screening for aneuploidies between non ‐diabetic pregnant women and patients who develop 1st trimester or 2nd trimester gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Material and methodsAdipose thickness was measured by transabdominal ultrasound imaging in pregnant women attending our clinic for screening for fetal aneuploidies between 11 and 13  weeks of gestation. During the 1st trimester all patients were evaluated for fasting glycemia in accordance with the Inte...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe prognosis following PGP in pregnancy is good and the majority of women recovered substantially from severe and moderate pregnancy-related PGP within 6  weeks after delivery. For many women, a subjective substantial recovery occurred within 2 weeks after delivery. Predictors for a poor recovery were multiparity, PGP the year before pregnancy and a high pain intensity during pregnancy.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Knowledge;   Expectations;   Ultrasound Intervention:   Other: Questionnaire Sponsor:   Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionAn attempt of vaginal birth is a reasonable option for short stature women. Maternal height could be included in the selection criteria for planned birth center or home birth.The customized gestational-related optimal weigh could be useful to identify large of gestational age fetus.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In these DICER1-carrier females, DICER1-related gynecological tumors occurred during childhood or adolescence in some after which women generally experienced healthy reproductive lives. Individual education and screening for these tumors is warranted. The high rate of DICER1-related multinodular goiter resulting in pre- and post-pregnancy thyroidectomy underscores the importance of thyroid monitoring during pregnancy to ensure maternal and fetal wellbeing. PMID: 31952842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Akkök ÇA Abstract BACKGROUND: Individuals with the K0 phenotype are extremely rare. They may develop anti-Ku antibodies, which react with all antigens of the Kell blood group system, thereby leading to haemolytic transfusion reactions and haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. CASE PRESENTATION: A primigravida who was transfused with one unit of red blood cells due to iron deficiency anaemia developed anti-Ku antibodies. The pregnancy was closely monitored by ultrasound and antibody titres. Maternal autologous blood collection was performed twice during the last trimester as back-up in case...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionLate gestation adverse pregnancy outcome is associated with reduced placental villous vascularity but rarely with a frankly abnormal umbilical artery Doppler waveform. The clinical utility of umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry in late gestation is limited by poor understanding of what aspect(s) of placental structure and function the impedance reflects. We hypothesized that placental arterial circulation impedance reflects placental vascularity and arterial function.Material and methodsThis was a secondary analysis of data from the FEMINA2 study, a study of pregnancy outcome after reduced fetal moveme...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractLeft brachiocephalic vein, also known as innominate vein runs in upper mediastinum posterior to the  thymus and anterior to the transverse aortic arch and aortic branches. LBCV can be visualized on gray scale as well as color Doppler ultrasound at the level above the 3 vessel view. This is the first Indian study to demonstrate the significance of its routine visualization and its measurements on prenatal ultrasound. Isolated intrathymic LBCV is a normal variant and in isolation does not warrant an alteration in routine management of pregnancy. Absent LBCV or dilated LBCV are pathological and warrant a tho...
Source: Journal of Fetal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
AbstractRubella, commonly known as ‘German Measles’ is a common childhood viral disease that may affect adults as well. More than half of the infections are either asymptomatic or present with mild flu like illness with a typical maculopapular rash. In contrast, primary rubella infection in pregnancy, especially in the first trim ester, can have serious consequences, namely miscarriage, intrauterine fetal demise or congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). WHO recognizes CRS as the ‘leading vaccine preventable cause of birth defects’. Antenatal management primarily is based on testing for immunity in the f...
Source: Journal of Fetal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
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