Alcohol Use in College: The Relationship Between Religion, Spirituality, and Proscriptive Attitudes Toward Alcohol

This study found that religious singing/chanting and reading sacred text were the best predictors of lower alcohol consumption. Furthermore, participants who perceive their religious tradition to be proscriptive reported less alcohol consumption and higher religious/spiritual profiles.
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Dimitrios G. Trikkaliotis, Achilleas K. Christoforidis, Athanasios C. Mitropoulos, George Z. KyzasAbstractA novel adsorbent material composed of chitosan (Cs), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) was prepared in hydrogel bead form to efficiently remove copper ions from aqueous solutions. The properties of the composite were characterized by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscop...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Toxicology ReportsAuthor(s): Afaf M. Weli, Hanady S. Al-Saadi, Rouqaya S. Al-Fudhaili, Amzad Hossain, Zabida Binti Putit, Mahmood K. JasimAbstractMedicinal plant as herbal medicine is widely used to cure infectious diseases. Rubus fruticosus L (R. fruticosus) has been studied for its antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. Different polarity leave extracts were prepared by using hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and hydro alcoholic solvents. Agar diffusion method has been used to assess the antibacterial activity against two gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis and S...
Source: Toxicology Reports - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth patient history and laboratory analysis have a role in identifying and confirming a diagnosis. In cases in which laboratory tests are incongruous with reported history, making a unifying diagnosis can be challenging or delayed. The importance of taking a comprehensive history cannot be overemphasized, but history provided by patients may be prone to intentional or unintentional distortion, whereas laboratory findings are more objective. The case presented underscores why the lab findings should be given credence in cases in which there is discordance between lab results and the provided patient history.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Bade BC, DeRycke EC, Skanderson M, Crothers K, Haskell S, Bean-Mayberry B, Cain HC, Brandt C, Bastian LA, Akgün KM Abstract Pulmonary function testing (PFT) is required to diagnose chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but is completed for only 30-50% of patients with the disease. We determined patient factors associated with decreased likelihood for PFT acquisition (i.e. underutilization) in the United States Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system.We performed a retrospective analysis of Veterans who survived a VA-based COPD hospitalization between 2012 and 2015. COPD was identified using In...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/commentary-on-recent-evidence-for-cognitive-decline-to-precede-amyloid-aggregation-in-alzheimers-disease/ I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
I am continually amused by the claims of Trumpistas that the U.S. is experiencing an economic resurgence and utopia, for which of course the vulgarian in chief deserves all the credit. Joseph Stiglitz, who unlike them and me has won a Nobel Memorial Prize in economics (it's not a real Nobel prize, economists added it later because they wanted one too)knows otherwise.This is a fairly dense essay which it's difficult to summarize without quoting, but I'll try. Meanwhile one pull quote:Two years ago, a few rare corporate leaders were concerned about climate change, or upset at Trump ’s misogyny and bigotry. Most, howeve...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Fumikazu Akamatsu, Masaki Okuda, Tsutomu FujiiAbstractThe stable isotopic compositions of carbon (δ13C) and oxygen (δ18O) in rice are often used to confirm its authenticity. The gelatinization temperature is a crucial factor in alcoholic fermentation. However, little is known about the isotopic and thermal responses of rice to climate change. We show that in sake rice grown annually in the same paddy field from 1994 to 2013, the δ13C (–27.4‰ to –25.9‰) and δ18O values (20.4‰ to 27.0&pe...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Everatt R, Virvičiūtė D, Tamošiūnas A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have observed notable unexplained geographic differences in incidence of kidney cancer in Europe. Lithuania is among the countries with the highest incidence and mortality. Our objective was to investigate the effect of different lifestyle, anthropometric and biological factors on the risk of kidney cancer in Lithuanian men. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included 6,849 men initially free from cancer. During the follow-up (1978-2008), 79 incident cases of kidney cancer were identified. Cox proportional h...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
This study reports for the first time the interaction of melatonin with proteins inside non-Saccharomyces yeast cells. These results reinforce the possible role of melatonin as a signal molecule, likely related to fermentation metabolism and provide a new perspective for understanding its role in yeast. PMID: 31948610 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: Humphries TJ, Ingram S, Sinha S, Lecky F, Dawson J, Singh R Abstract Objectives: To assess the impact of social deprivation on Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) global outcome.Design: The study was a prospective observational study conducted using consecutive admissions with TBI.Subjects: 1322 consecutive adult patients with TBI were recruited into the study between 2010 and 2015.Methods: All patients were assessed by the TBI rehabilitation team at both six weeks and 12 months following TBI. Details of the injury and demographic data was collated at six weeks. This included age, gender and ZIP Code. Social...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
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