Hyperparathyroidism in octogenarians: A plea for ambulatory minimally invasive surgery under local anesthesia.
CONCLUSION: In patients 80 years or older, minimally invasive surgery as an outpatient under local anesthesia offered an excellent risk/benefit ratio given its many advantages: simplicity, speed, absence of general anesthesia, ease of monitoring, direct voice control intraoperatively, very low morbidity, effectiveness in treating primary hyperparathyroidism in more than 95% of first intention patients, and the possibility of immediate or delayed recovery in the event of multiglandular disease going unnoticed. PMID: 26920653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present a case of severe vitD deficiency-osteomalacia after gastric bypass operation for morbid obesity, treated with ergocalciferol intramuscularly. A 45-year-old woman was presented with hip pain and muscle weakness, which led ultimately to immobilization in a wheelchair. Fifteen years ago, she underwent roux-en-Y gastric by-pass for morbid obesity. Occasionally, she was treated with multivitamin supplements. On admission, iron deficiency anaemia, vitD deficiency (25OHD: 3.7 ng/ml) and secondary hyperparathyroidism were revealed. Bone turnover markers (BTM) were elevated. Radiological evaluation demonstrated insuffici...
Distal triceps ruptures are uncommon, usually caused by a fall on an outstretched hand or a direct blow. Factors linked to injury include eccentric loading of a contracting triceps, anabolic steroid use, weightlifting, and traumatic laceration. Risk factors include local steroid injection, hyperparathyroidism, and olecranon bursitis. Initial diagnosis can be complicated by pain and swelling, and a palpable defect is not always present. Plain radiographs can be helpful. MRI confirms the diagnosis and directs treatment. Incomplete tears can be treated nonsurgically; complete tears are best managed surgically. Good to excelle...
A 10-year-old boy presented with back pain. 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate bone scan demonstrated the sign of metabolic bone disease, suspected due to hyperparathyroidism. 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid SPECT/CT demonstrated focal lesion in the lower pole of the right lobe. The pathological examination demonstrated parathyroid carcinoma, which is very rare in pediatric population.
ConclusionA high suspicion index is needed, particularly in post-menopausal women, to reach a diagnosis and allow optimal management. Normal laboratory values do not exclude parathyroid etiology, yet assessment should include calcium and PTH levels along with targeted imaging. Since bleeding may recur, we suggest that PHPT complicated with neck hematoma should be an independent indication for definitive parathyroidectomy surgery.Level of evidence3b
ConclusionsWe conclude that pancreatitis can be the only presenting complaint of PHPT. Our study highlights the importance of fully investigating for PHPT in any pancreatitis patient with high normal or raised serum calcium level, especially in the absence of other common causes of pancreatitis.
The wrist is not commonly aspirated in the emergency department, but emergent arthrocentesis may be indicated for extreme or concerning cases, and tapping the wrist to determine the underlying pathology or relieve pain may be of great value. The synovial fluid from the joint space can be analyzed for crystals, infection, and blood. This information may help determine the overall plan and aid in decision-making and consultation. The ultimate treatment plan may include admission, intravenous antibiotics, multiple aspirations, and even surgical washout.A swollen, painful wrist that is hot to the touch is concerning for sep...
ConclusionPathological fracture in young adult should always be properly investigated. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose unusual presentation of Primary Hyperparathyrodism.
Conclusion: Results from our study show that most of the patients with renal hyperparathyroidism were symptomatic preoperatively and the most common clinical presentations were bone pain and muscle weakness. The significant predictor of early postoperative hypocalcemia after total parathyroidectomy was the preoperative alkaline phosphatase levels. PMID: 31909044 [PubMed]
ConclusionPrimary hyperparathyroidism is still a symptomatic disease in Kashmir Valley but now there is a decreasing trend of symptomatic cases and an increasing number of asymptomatic cases with time. 25-hydroxy vitamin D level has no correlation with serum calcium, iPTH and tumour size.
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is caused by mutations in the PHEX gene which result in Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 (FGF23) excess and phosphate wasting. Clinically, XLH children present with rickets, bone deformities and short stature. In adulthood, patients may still be symptomatic with bone and joint pain, osteomalacia-related fractures or pseudofractures, precocious osteoarthrosis, entesopathy, muscle weakness and severe dental anomalies. Besides these musculoskeletal and dental manifestations, adult XLH patients are also prone to secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism, cardiovascular and metabolic disorders.