Anticipatory coarticulation and stability of speech in typically fluent speakers and people who stutter.
Anticipatory coarticulation and stability of speech in typically fluent speakers and people who stutter. Clin Linguist Phon. 2016 Feb 25;:1-15 Authors: Frisch SA, Maxfield N, Belmont A Abstract This project replicates and extends previous work on coarticulation in velar-vowel sequences in English. Coarticulatory data for 46 young adult speakers, 23 who stutter and 23 who do not stutter show coarticulatory patterns in young adults who stutter that are no different from typical young adults. Additionally, the stability of velar-vowel production is analysed in token-to-token variability found in multiple repetitions of the same velar-vowel sequence. Across participants, identical patterns of coarticulation were found between people who do and do not stutter, but decreased stability was found in velar closure production in a significant subset of people who stutter. Other people who stutter appeared no different than typical speakers. Outcomes of this study suggest that articulatory maturation in young adults who stutter is, on average, no different from typical young adults, but that some young adults who stutter could be viewed as having less stably activated articulatory sub-systems. PMID: 26913792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsWe were able to confirm prior findings of relative disadvantage on standardized vocabulary tests for a very large sample of well-matched CWS. However, spontaneous language measures of lexical diversity did not distinguish the groups. This relative weakness in CWS may emerge from task differences: CWS are free to encode their own spontaneous utterances but must comply with explicit lexical prompts in standardized testing situations.
ConclusionNobel Prize nominations are to date underused sources that shed new light on some scholars in ENT history.
Which of the following 6 ECGs of patients with chest pain represent inferior OMI?The answer could be 1 or more than 184.108.40.206.4.https://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/2011/10/inferior-st-elevation-what-is-diagnosis.html5.https://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/2018/05/is-there-delayed-activation-wave.html6.https://hqmeded-ecg.blogspot.com/2013/04/a-40-year-old-male-with-several-chronic.htmlAnswer:3. and 5. are inferior OMI1., 2., 4., and 6. are limb lead early repolarizationIs it really possible to differentiate these?Yes. Pendell did it easily getting 6/6 correct.I put this post up because I just received number 3 from a former gr...
ConclusionFindings were taken to suggest that BI is associated with early childhood stuttering and that the SBIS could be included as part of a comprehensive evaluation of stuttering.
Gut Troubles : Pain, Gassiness, Bloating, and More Disrupted Speech : Why Do We Stutter? Blood Proteins Change Across the Lifespan Teens Taking Charge of Their Health Moms ’ Mental Health Matters
ConclusionsWe were able to confirm prior findings of relative disadvantage on standardized vocabulary tests for a very large sample of well-matched CWS. However, spontaneous language measures of lexical diversity did not distinguish the groups. This relative weakness may emerge from task differences: CWS are free to encode their own spontaneous utterances but must comply with explicit lexical prompts in standardized testing situations.
Deficits in basal ganglia-based inhibitory and timing circuits along with sensorimotor internal modeling mechanisms are thought to underlie stuttering. However, much remains to be learned regarding the precise manner how these deficits contribute to disrupting both speech and cognitive functions in those who stutter. Herein, we examine the suitability of electroencephalographic (EEG) mu rhythms for addressing these deficits. We review some previous findings of mu rhythm activity differentiating stuttering from non-stuttering individuals and present some new preliminary findings capturing stuttering-related deficits in work...
ConclusionProfessionals and advocates gaining a more nuanced understanding of the process of disclosure events can increase their ability to help people who stutter make optimal decisions about disclosure. Making good disclosure decisions can help PWS improve their quality of life and reduce a variety of environmental communicative barriers.
This literature review presents two unusual and mystifying disorders of penile erection: painful nocturnal erections, alternatively termed sleep-related painful erections, and idiopathic stuttering priapism, a variant of recurrent ischemic priapism in which no cause is discernible. The disorders are closely related although they are distinct clinically and pathologically. The main subject areas of discussion are recognition, clinical evaluation and management although current concepts surrounding their causes and mechanisms are also addressed.
Publication date: Available online 24 December 2019Source: Neuroscience ResearchAuthor(s): Shozo TobimatsuAbstractOscillatory neuronal (electrical) activity in defined frequency ranges supports synchronous interactions between anatomically distinct regions of the human brain during cognitive tasks. Here, the author reviews our previous studies that focused on the neuromagnetic oscillations in the sensory systems in response to the external stimuli in normal healthy subjects and neurological disorders. A magnetoencephalo-graphy was applied to evaluate the neuromagnetic oscillations in humans. We have demonstrated that the o...