Rocuronium and sugammadex in emergency medicine : Requirements of a muscle relaxant for rapid sequence induction.
Conclusion: rocuronium used in hospital is a very good substitute for succinylcholine as a neuromuscular blocker during RSI as long as sugammadex is at hand for reversal. It remains to be considered that in a situation with severe problems of the airway and breathing, which are the main preclinical indications for intubation, a forward strategy for ventilation of the patient is the only acceptable way in most cases and the return to spontaneous breathing is not an alternative. Therefore, the value of sugammadex and also of succinylcholine is limited for these situations. Additionally, economic factors such as storage conditions for rocuronium and the cost of sugammadex must also be considered. PMID: 24595442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In this report, we described the anesthetic management of a 50-year-old woman with Down syndrome undergoing major cervical spine surgery. Components of the anesthetic that we thought would be difficult such as intravenous line placement and endotracheal intubation were accomplished without difficulty.
CONCLUSION TFEL is a useful tool in predicting difficult intubation, improving predictability of routine bedside evaluation. TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02671877.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The safety and adverse event rate of supraglottic airway (SGA) devices for cesarean delivery (CD) is poorly characterized. The primary aims of this review were to determine whether the first-pass success was higher and time to insertion for SGA was faster than endotracheal intubation for elective CD. The secondary aim was to determine the airway-related adverse event rate associated with SGA use compared to endotracheal intubation in elective CD under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: Six databases were systematically searched until September 2019. Included studies reported on the use of ...
Conclusion: When teaching endotracheal intubation to novice anesthesia residents using conventional direct laryngoscopy, ultrasonography is the fastest method to confirm correct ETT placement compared to capnograph and chest auscultation. Mentor can guide trainee to direct ETT towards trachea and can promptly detect esophageal intubation by double trachea sign.
AbstractSore throat is commonly seen after general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation. It is distressing for the patient as it delays return to work, increases morbidity and bad memories of the surgical period with disturbances in sleep. This double-blinded prospective randomized study was done to know the efficacy of intravenous dexamethasone in decreasing the incidence of postoperative sore throat at 1, 6 and 24 h after tracheal extubation. 60 patients aged 18–50 years scheduled for ear surgeries under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation, were randomly allocated into two groups A and B....
Conclusion: Intubation can be difficult in patients with Moebius syndrome, but failure is rare. Overweight or obese patients are at risk of presenting a difficult airway. An extensive preoperative evaluation and adequate communication between the members of the multidisciplinary team in charge of these patients is paramount.
There is no consensus on the optimal anesthesia method for intertrochanteric fracture surgeries in elderly patients. Our study aimed to compare the hemodynamics and perioperative outcomes of general anesthesia...
Conclusion: Hemodynamic stress response to endotracheal intubation is minimal or absent in postlaryngectomy patients. They mostly present with elevated blood pressure and develop hypotension following induction that persists despite intubation.
Conclusions: Size 2 D-Blade of C-MAC video laryngoscope provided a better glottic view in children with simulated cervical spine injury as compared with CMAC Macintosh blade. Success of intubation, intubation time, and ease of intubation were comparable with both the blades.
Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 2019 35(4):539-539