Association between Asthma and Primary Nocturnal Enuresis in Children
Enuresis, sleep respiratory disorders and asthma compromise the quality of sleep in children and may occur in association with each other. An association between sleep respiratory disorders and enuresis has already been demonstrated. According to united airways disease abnormalities of the upper and lower airways may coexist. A child who wheezes has a greater chance of snoring and having obstructive sleep apnea. Since asthma and sleep respiratory disorders may be associated, and sleep respiratory disorders are associated with enuresis, we determined the possibility of an association between asthma and enuresis.
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Robert C. Whitaker, Allison N. Herman, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Kenneth Hubbell, Ryan Huff, Liam J. Heneghan, Peter C. RoweAbstractAlthough mindfulness-based interventions may be effective in addressing the common symptom of fatigue, no population-based studies have examined the relationship between mindfulness and fatigue. We determined whether higher levels of dispositional mindfulness were associated with lower levels of fatigue. Cross-sectional data were obtained through the Pennsylvania Head Start Staff Wellness Survey, a 2012 web-base...
Science tells us that a lot of good things happen in our brains while we sleep – learning and memories are consolidated and waste is removed, among other things. New research shows for the first time that important immune cells called microglia – which play an important role in reorganizing the connections between nerve cells, fighting infections, and repairing damage – are also primarily active while we sleep.
Orexins [orexin-A (OXA) and orexin-B (OXB)] are two isoforms of neuropeptides produced by the hypothalamus. The main biological actions of orexins, focused on the central nervous system, are to control the sleep/wake process, appetite and feeding, energy homeostasis, drug addiction, and cognitive processes. These effects are mediated by two G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) subtypes named OX1R and OX2R. In accordance with the synergic and dynamic relationship between the nervous and immune systems, orexins also have neuroprotective and immuno-regulatory (i.e., anti-inflammatory) properties. The present review gathers recen...
ConclusionsNon-motor symptoms are independent of motor features and likely belong to the clinical spectrum of blepharospasm. The presence of non-motor symptoms possibly reflects a complex network disorder of blepharospasm.
AbstractPurposeThe oldest old, described as those aged 85 and older, is a growing cancer population. There are limited studies evaluating the symptoms of the oldest old cancer patient population. Our study aimed to evaluate symptom frequency and clinical symptom change as assessed by the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) of the oldest old ( ≥ 85) compared to older adult (65–84) and general adult (18–64) outpatient cancer patients on initial consult and follow-up visit.MethodsRetrospective review of a total of 441 patients, 200 randomly sampled patients in the general and older adult group and ...
ConclusionsShort-term exercises do not appear to convey benefits to quality of life and other psychosocial outcomes. Subgroup analysis showed that physical activity together with mental exercise may be more beneficial to lymphoma patients, but it needs more research to verify this finding. The interpretation of this result should be cautious due to the baseline difference, completion efficiency of intervention process, and high heterogeneity.
Condition: Arthritis, Juvenile Intervention: Behavioral: Sleep Manipulation Protocol Sponsors: The Hospital for Sick Children; Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati; Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Recruiting
Conditions: Down Syndrome; Obstructive Sleep Apnea Interventions: Behavioral: Family-informed intervention; Behavioral: Standard Clinical Care Sponsors: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; National Institutes of Health (NIH); National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI); Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati; University of Pennsylvania Not yet recruiting
Conditions: Asthma; Care Management, Patient Intervention: Device: AsthmaTuner Sponsors: Karolinska Institutet; Tiohundra AB; Karolinska University Hospital Not yet recruiting
We examined whether allergic disease and SDB were associated with childhood NE.MethodsData were assessed from the 2007 –2012 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We enrolled 4308 children aged 5–18 years having NE diagnosis and age- and sex-matched 4308 children as the control group. The odds ratios of NE were calculated to determine an association with preexisting allergic disease and SDB.ResultsA total of 8616 children were included in the analysis. Prevalence of allergic diseases and SDB was significantly higher for the NE group than the control group (allp